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Muscular laminopathies: role of prelamin A in early steps of muscle differentiation

, : Muscular laminopathies: role of prelamin A in early steps of muscle differentiation. Advances in Enzyme Regulation 51(1): 246-256

Lamin A is a nuclear envelope constituent involved in a group of human disorders, collectively referred to as laminopathies, which include Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy. Because increasing evidence suggests a role of lamin A precursor in nuclear functions, we investigated the processing of prelamin A along muscle differentiation. Both protein levels and cellular localization of prelamin A appears to be modulated during C2C12 mouse myoblasts activation. Similar changes also occur in the expression of two lamin A-binding proteins: emerin and LAP2α. Furthermore prelamin A forms a complex with LAP2α in differentiating myoblasts. Prelamin A accumulation in cycling myoblasts by expressing unprocessable mutants affects LAP2α and PCNA amount and increases caveolin 3 mRNA and protein levels, whilst accumulation of prelamin A in differentiated muscle cells following treatment with a farnesyl transferase inhibitor inhibits caveolin 3 expression. These data provide evidence for a critical role of lamin A precursor in the early steps of muscle cell differentiation. In fact the post-translational processing of prelamin A affects caveolin 3 expression and influences the myoblast differentiation process. Thus, altered lamin A processing could affect myoblast differentiation and/or muscle regeneration and might contribute to the myopathic phenotype.


PMID: 21035482

DOI: 10.1016/j.advenzreg.2010.09.006

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