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Nanosheet-based titania microspheres with hollow core-shell structure encapsulating horseradish peroxidase for a mediator-free biosensor

, : Nanosheet-based titania microspheres with hollow core-shell structure encapsulating horseradish peroxidase for a mediator-free biosensor. Biomaterials 32(27): 6588-6594

Nanosheet-based titania (TiO(2)) microspheres with a hollow core-shell structure have been synthesized and employed to immobilize horseradish peroxidase (HRP) in order to fabricate a mediator-free biosensor. The morphology and structure of the TiO(2) microspheres were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electronic microscopy. A possible growth mechanism has been proposed. Spectroscopic and electrochemical measurements revealed that the TiO(2) microspheres are an immobilization support with biocompatibility for enzymes, affording good enzyme stability and bioactivity. Due to the nanosheet-based hollow core-shell structure of the TiO(2) microspheres, the direct electron transfer of HRP is facilitated and the resulting biosensor displayed good performance for the detection of H(2)O(2), with both a low detection limit of 0.05 μM and a wide linear range of 0.4-140 μM, as well as a fast response and excellent long-term stability. The nanosheet-based TiO(2) microspheres with hollow core-shell structure, can be used for the efficient entrapment of other redox-active proteins and have wide potential applications in biosensors, biocatalysis, biomedical devices and bioelectronics.


PMID: 21663956

DOI: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2011.05.055

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