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Oleosomes in flag leaves of wheat; their distribution, composition and fate during senesence and rust-infection

, : Oleosomes in flag leaves of wheat; their distribution, composition and fate during senesence and rust-infection. Planta 152(1): 36-43

Oleosomes, up to 14μm in diameter, were found in mesophyll and bundle sheath cells of the flag and lower leaves of wheat cv Professeur Marchal. They develop in flag leaves at least 10 d before anthesis, possibly from fatty acids secreted by the plastids, and persist in mature and senescing leaf tissue. Oleosomes are bordered with an osmiophilic layer rather than a unit membrane. The major lipids of oleosomes, isolated 20 d after anthesis, are triacylglycerols (50%) and sterol or wax exter (34%). The dominant fatty acids of both lipid classes are plamitic (16:0) and stearic (18:0) acids which accounts for the low osmiophilia of the oleosomes. The function of the oleosomes is unknown but they may act as short-term energy reserves. Oleosomes persist in leaves infected with brown rust, even in cells penetrated by haustoria. Yellowish-brown oleosomes found in senescing and rust-infected leaves may be formed by the release and coalescence of pigmented plastoglobuli.


PMID: 24302316

DOI: 10.2307/23375196

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