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P-Glycoprotein is not a key target for the chemosensitizing effect of 1-phenyl-2-decanoylamino-3-morpholino-1-propanol in HepG2 cells exposed to doxorubicin

, : P-Glycoprotein is not a key target for the chemosensitizing effect of 1-phenyl-2-decanoylamino-3-morpholino-1-propanol in HepG2 cells exposed to doxorubicin. Drug Metabolism Letters 4(1): 39-44

Chemosensitization of HepG2 cells to doxorubicin by 1-phenyl-2-decanoylamino-3-morpholino-1-propanol neither impinged on downregulation of P-glycoprotein expression nor on severe impairment of its activity. Moreover, differently from verapamil, a potent P-glycoprotein inhibitor, 1-phenyl-2-decanoylamino-3-morpholino-1-propanol chemosensitized HepG2 cells in a fashion that was insensitive to the pancaspase inhibitor benzyloxycarbonyl-Val-Ala-Asp-fluoromethylketone. At concentrations exceeding the one employed for chemosensitization, 1-phenyl-2-decanoylamino-3-morpholino-1-propanol was by itself strongly toxic to HepG2 cells, and also this effect was insensitive to the pancaspase inhibitor. These results suggest that 1-phenyl-2-decanoylamino-3-morpholino-1-propanol, at subtoxic concentrations, might synergize with scarcely toxic doxorubicin doses to propagate a caspase-independent cytotoxic response, such that P-glycoprotein-dependent drug resistance is circumvented.


PMID: 20201777

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