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Parental support in neonatal intensive care units: a cross-cultural comparison between New Zealand and Japan

, : Parental support in neonatal intensive care units: a cross-cultural comparison between New Zealand and Japan. Journal of Pediatric Nursing 26(3): 206-215

This is a cross-cultural comparative study involving both quantitative and qualitative data analyses. This study examines sources of parental stress in the two neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) located in New Zealand and Japan and explores how cultural norms of NICU care environments influence parental stress-related experiences and nursing support. The three main sources of data collection were the following: a NICU staff interview, parental interview, and parental questionnaire survey, the PSS: NICU. Thirty-one pairs of parents in each NICU (N = 121) participated in this study. The differences between the two NICUs in terms of the NICU care environment and sources of parental stress within the NICU contexts were identified, highlighting NICU characteristics associated with the sources of stress in the two NICUs. Recognition of the norms of NICU care environments that may hinder parent-staff communication is an important element of NICU nursing practice.


PMID: 21601144

DOI: 10.1016/j.pedn.2009.10.003

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