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Periodontopathogens induce soluble P-selectin release by endothelial cells and platelets

, : Periodontopathogens induce soluble P-selectin release by endothelial cells and platelets. Thrombosis Research 127(1): E20-E26

Soluble P-selectin plays a pivotal role in inflammation and the development of thrombotic and cardiovascular disease. Accordingly, elevated levels of soluble P-selectin are found in periodontitis and (other forms of) inflammatory diseases. However, the cellular source of soluble P-selectin in periodontitis and the effects of periodontopathogens on P-selectin release are unknown. Soluble P-selectin was determined in 26 patients with periodontitis and 19 controls. Furthermore, human endothelial cells and platelets were investigated for their ability to elicit soluble and surface P-selectin in response to periodontopathogens A. actinomycetemcomitans Y4 and P. gingivalis. Moreover surface E-selectin and ICAM-1 expression as well as NFκB translocation in response to these bacteria were determined on endothelial cells as well as the formation of platelet-leukocyte complexes. Plasma levels of soluble P-selectin are significantly elevated in periodontitis and correlate with severity of disease and bacterial infection. Stimulation of endothelial cells with periodontopathogens results in rapid surface expression of P-selectin but does not induce NFκB translocation and subsequent de novo synthesis of P-selectin, E-selectin or ICAM-1. In platelets, bacterial stimulation leads to surface expression of P-selectin and fosters the formation of platelet-leukocyte aggregates within minutes. P-selectin is rapidly shed from the surface of platelets and endothelial cells and results in increased levels of soluble P-selectin. Periodontopathogens are able to directly cause activation of endothelial cells and platelets within minutes. Given that transient periodontitis-associated bacteremia commonly occurs after tooth brushing or chewing, our data suggest that reduction of periodontopathogens might result in potential cardiovascular benefits.


PMID: 21106229

DOI: 10.1016/j.thromres.2010.10.023

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