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Polyneuropathy: a poetic diagnosis

, : Polyneuropathy: a poetic diagnosis. Bmj Case Reports 2012: -

A 60-year-old woman presented with subacute progressive lower extremity weakness. This was associated with a 40lb weight loss and fevers. She was previously healthy, aside from renal transplantation 9 years earlier for end stage renal disease resulting from IgA nephropathy. On examination, she had clubbing, a single lymph node in the right cervical chain, and objective findings of lower extremity weakness with lower motor neuron findings. Investigations revealed a thrombocytosis and elevated CSF protein. Electromyographic evidence of diffuse polyradiculopathy with demyelination was documented. On imaging, she had a large lytic/sclerotic lesion in the right scapula measuring 8 cm, a pericardial effusion, and borderline splenomegaly. Pathological assessment of the excised lymph node revealed Castleman-like changes; biopsy of the right scapular lesion revealed λ-restricted plasma cells, in the absence of a monoclonal protein in the bone marrow or periphery. A diagnosis of POEMS (polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy and skin changes) with plasmacytoma was established; a post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder was suspected.


PMID: 22783007

DOI: 10.1136/bcr.12.2011.5421

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