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Post-extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy residual stone fragments: clinical significance and management

, : Post-extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy residual stone fragments: clinical significance and management. Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology 46(3): 188-195

Although extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) is one of the primary treatments for urolithiasis, very often residual fragments of the calculi are still present for a long time after the ESWL session. These fragments are usually asymptomatic and can be managed expectantly, but sometimes they can cause symptoms and require intervention. Secondary procedures are not routinely applied to all patients with residual fragments, but only to those with significant symptoms. Medical therapy may play an important role in the management of residual fragments, by correcting an underlying metabolic disorder and by preventing the growth of residual calculi and the formation of new ones.


PMID: 22321017

DOI: 10.3109/00365599.2011.644861

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