geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Post-extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy residual stone fragments: clinical significance and management


, : Post-extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy residual stone fragments: clinical significance and management. Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology 46(3): 188-195

Although extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) is one of the primary treatments for urolithiasis, very often residual fragments of the calculi are still present for a long time after the ESWL session. These fragments are usually asymptomatic and can be managed expectantly, but sometimes they can cause symptoms and require intervention. Secondary procedures are not routinely applied to all patients with residual fragments, but only to those with significant symptoms. Medical therapy may play an important role in the management of residual fragments, by correcting an underlying metabolic disorder and by preventing the growth of residual calculi and the formation of new ones.

US$19.90

PMID: 22321017

DOI: 10.3109/00365599.2011.644861


Other references

Pretzmann, Gerhard, 1965: Fresh-water crabs from the western Himalaya area. Ann Naturhist Mus Wein 69: 209-303

Kuenen, D.J., 1946: The winter egg of the fruit tree red spider and its control. The egg of M. ulmi has a transparent chor-ion and a very tough vitelline membrane. Diapause occurs in an early stage of development and about the end of March development recommences. If eggs are subjected to a temp, of 15-17 [degree]C during the...

Zander, CD., 1979: Morphologie von Hautstrukturen im Kopfbereich der grundel Paragobiodon echinocephalus (Ruppell)(Gobiidae, Pisces). The gobiid P. echinocephalus possesses papillae on the head which are arranged in rows. These structures gave rise to an investigation of skin and skin organs of this fish in the head region. The middle layers of the epidermis are without distingu...

Oliveira Filho, E.B.; Lobo, R.B.; Duarte, F.A.M., 1985: Some reproductive parameters in a Gir dairy herd. For an unspecified number of Gir cows in Sao Paulo State, age at 1st calving averaged 1514.2+or-12.9 days; it was significantly affected by year of calving. The av. age of cows at calving was 2857.6+or-57.4 days, and the av. age at the last calvin...

Modesti, P.A.; Gensini, G.F.; Conti, C.; Neri Serneri, G.G., 1987: Clinical evaluation of an automatic blood-pressure monitoring device. Reliability and reproducibility of an automatic ambulatory blood pressure recorder (ICR-5200, Squibb) were tested on 45 subjects (24 normotensives and 21 hypertensives) aged 32-64 (mean age 49). Of 6,566 recordings, 2,376 measurements were cross-c...

Solodunov, A.A.; Stepuro, I.I., 1983: Mechanism of interaction of pyridoxal-5-phosphate with human serum albumin. Four and five molecules of pyridoxal-5-phosphate are irreversibly bound to human serum albumin in neutral aqueous or aqueous-spirituous media, respectively. The first step is a reversible formation of the Schiff bases with lysine residues. It is f...

Luxon, L.M., 1993: Tinnitus: its causes, diagnosis, and treatment. Bmj 306(6891): 1490-1491

O'Reilly, R.A., 1996: Splenomegaly at a United States County Hospital: diagnostic evaluation of 170 patients. Splenomegaly was studied at a municipal teaching hospital in an 11-year retrospective review. The 170 patients were classified into six diagnostic groups. The associated clinical and laboratory features were tested for statistical association (X2)...

Mccomb W.C.; Sedell J.R.; Buchholz T.D., 1990: Dam site selection by beavers in an eastern oregon usa basin. We compared physical and vegetative habitat characteristics at 14 dam sites occupied by beaver (Castor canadensis) with those at 41 random unoccupied reaches to identify features important to dam-site selection in the Long Creek basin, Grant Count...

Bostrom R.C.; Sherif M.A., 1971: The soil cover of the ocean floor. Pages 140-155 1971