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Preliminary investigation of the Kitchen Picture Test (KPT): a new screening test of practical judgment for older adults

, : Preliminary investigation of the Kitchen Picture Test (KPT): a new screening test of practical judgment for older adults. Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition 21(6): 674-692

Judgment is widely recognized as an important executive function, and deficits in judgment can lead to health risks, safety concerns, and hospitalizations. Surprisingly, relatively few tests of judgment have been developed specifically for older adults--a population particularly vulnerable to executive and functional declines. The Kitchen Picture Test (KPT) is a new screening measure of practical judgment. In two independent studies (Study 1, N = 99 nursing home patients; Study 2, N = 163 nursing home and assisted living patients), psychometric analyses confirmed strong evidence for reliability, construct validity, and predictive validity. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was calculated from sensitivity and 1-specificity values for diagnoses of dementia versus no dementia. A KPT cut score can be used for identifying persons to be referred to appropriate health-care professionals who have specific expertise in the evaluation and treatment of cognitive impairment.


PMID: 24341471

DOI: 10.1080/13825585.2013.865698

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