+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Progress of preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV at primary healthcare facilities and district hospitals in three South African provinces

, : Progress of preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV at primary healthcare facilities and district hospitals in three South African provinces. South African Medical Journal 102(2): 81-83

Improving national prevention of mother-to-child (PMTCT) services in South Africa has been challenging. PMTCT outcomes were analysed at 58 primary and secondary level antenatal facilities across seven high HIV-burden sub-districts in three provinces, over an 18 month period during which new South African PMTCT clinical guidelines were implemented and a nurse quality mentor program was expanded. Early infant HIV DNA polymerase chain reaction test positivity reduced by 75.2% from 9.7% (CI: 8.1%-11.5%) to 2.4% (CI: 1.9%-3.1%); p<0.0005. HIV test positivity at 18 months of age decreased by 64.5% from 10.7% (CI: 7.2-15.1%) to 3.8% (CI: 2.4-5.6%); p<0.0005. PMTCT outcomes have improved substantially at these facilities.


PMID: 22310438

Other references

Thorup, L.; Koch, K.Ulrik., 2013: Neonatal subgaleal haemorrhage causing fatal course after vacuum-assisted extraction. We present a case that emphasizes the importance of early recognition of neonatal subgaleal haemorrhage through knowledge of risk factors and adequate communication within the health team treating the woman in labour. Especially vacuum-assisted ex...

Baston, J., 2009: The Human Tissue Act 2004 and the child donor. In 2001, the inquiry panel appointed to investigate the removal, retention and disposal of human organs and tissues at the Royal Liverpool Children's Hospital published its report. The panel's recommendations led to a new approach to con...

Shirley Kathy, 1989: Washington target is coalbed methane. AAPG Explorer 10(5): 6-7

Bounias, M., 1973: Primary effects of gamma irradiation on mutagenesis of Arabidopsis grains. Arabidopsis information service: 10 24-26

Vaid, N.; Wagh, S.; Sant, R.; Vaid, S.; Rajpure, S., 2008: Primary parotid non-Hodgkin lymphoma in an infant. Journal of Pediatric Surgery 43(4): 759-761

Panin L.E.; Kuz'meno D.I., 1991: Features of storage lipid oxidation in liver mitochondria in starvation role of nonheme iron and free radical oxidation of fatty acids. Structure-functional transformation of respiratory chain, developed in response to 72 hrs starvation involved the following alterations: 1. in mitochondria of starved rats distinct increase was observed in sensitivity of palmitocarnitine oxidation...

Sanchez Delgado, F., 1981: Contribucion al conocimiento de los labridos (familia Labridae) de las costas ibericas. Parte 1: descripcion de la especies. Boletin Instituto Espanol de Oceanografia, 63: 19-57

Ernst S.A.; Van Rossum G.D.V., 1982: Ions and energy metabolism in duck anas platyrhynchos salt gland possible role of furosemide sensitive co transport of sodium and chloride. The effects of methacholine on net ionic movements and energy metabolism of the avian salt-gland were studied, using slices of glands taken from salt-adapted Pekin ducks [A. platyrhynchus]. The slices were equilibrated with media and drugs for 120...

Matlow, A.; Streitenberger, L., 2001: Nosocomial salmonellosis: implications for microbiologic processing of stools in hospitalized patients. Many microbiology laboratories are rationalizing their services and are not culturing stool for bacterial and parasitic pathogens from patients hospitalized for more than 3 days. We report a sporadic case of nosocomial salmonellosis that highlight...

Zwarteveen,M., 2008: Men, masculinities and water powers in irrigation. The aim of this article is to provide an informed plea for more explicitly identifying, naming and unravelling the linkages between water control and gender in irrigation. The fact that power, expertise and status in irrigation tend to have a stro...