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Quantifying the matrix of relationships between reduced vancomycin susceptibility phenotypes and outcomes among patients with MRSA bloodstream infections treated with vancomycin 

, : Quantifying the matrix of relationships between reduced vancomycin susceptibility phenotypes and outcomes among patients with MRSA bloodstream infections treated with vancomycin . Journal of Antimicrobial ChemoTherapy 69(9): 2547-2555

Several phenotypic characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus have been identified as aetiological factors responsible for adverse outcomes among patients receiving vancomycin. However, characterization of the outcomes associated with these reduced vancomycin susceptibility phenotypes (rVSPs) remains largely incomplete and it is unknown if these features contribute to deleterious treatment outcomes alone or in concert. This study described the interrelationship between rVSPs and assessed their individual and combined effects on outcomes among patients who received vancomycin for a methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) bloodstream infection. An observational study of adult, hospitalized patients with MRSA bloodstream infections who were treated with vancomycin between January 2005 and June 2009 was performed. The rVSPs evaluated included the following: (i) Etest MIC; (ii) broth microdilution MIC; (iii) MBC : MIC ratio; and (iv) heteroresistance to vancomycin by the Etest macromethod. Failure was defined as any of the following: (i) 30 day mortality; (ii) bacteraemia ≥ 7 days on therapy; or (iii) recurrence of MRSA bacteraemia within 60 days of therapy discontinuation. During the study period, 184 cases met the study criteria and 41.3% met the failure criteria. There was a clear linear exposure-response relationship between the number of these phenotypic markers and outcomes. As the number of phenotypes escalated, the incidence of overall failure increased incrementally by 10%-18%. The data suggest that rVSPs contribute to deleterious treatment outcomes in concert.


PMID: 24840624

DOI: 10.1093/jac/dku135

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