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RF-sputtering preparation of gold-nanoparticle-modified ITO electrodes for electrocatalytic applications

, : RF-sputtering preparation of gold-nanoparticle-modified ITO electrodes for electrocatalytic applications. Nanotechnology 22(27): 275711-275711

The preparation of gold-nanoparticle (AuNPs)-modified indium tin oxide (ITO) electrodes (AuNPs/ITO) was performed by radio-frequency (RF) sputtering from Ar plasmas at temperatures as low as 60 °C, tailoring the AuNP morphology and content as a function of the sole sputtering time. The latter parameter was varied from 5 to 20 min in order to investigate the influence of gold amount and distribution on the electrochemical performances of the resulting AuNPs/ITO systems. The electrodes were characterized using field emission-scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), UV-vis absorption and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopies (XPS); moreover variable scan rate cyclic voltammetry (CV) studies were performed to examine their electrochemical behavior. The electrocatalytic activity of the nanostructured AuNPs/ITO electrodes toward methanol oxidation was investigated and compared with a continuous gold film (Aufilm/ITO). The catalytic efficiency of the AuNPs/ITO systems was found to increase with the gold content and the AuNPs-support boundary region in the corresponding samples. For the longest sputtering time (i.e. 20 min) the performances of the nanostructured electrode were better than the Aufilm/ITO reference, despite the much lower catalyst amount. Furthermore, conversely from the AuNPs/ITO samples, in the Au(film)/ITO case the gold film displayed a poor adhesion to the substrate and the electrode could be used only for a limited number of electrochemical cycles.


PMID: 21606565

DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/22/27/275711

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