geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Randomized clinical trial of Entonox versus midazolam-fentanyl sedation for colonoscopy


, : Randomized clinical trial of Entonox versus midazolam-fentanyl sedation for colonoscopy. British Journal of Surgery 96(4): 361-368

Intravenous sedation for colonoscopy is associated with cardiorespiratory complications and delayed recovery. The aim of this randomized clinical trial was to compare the efficacy of Entonox (50 per cent nitrous oxide and 50 per cent oxygen) and intravenous sedation using midazolam-fentanyl for colonoscopy. Some 131 patients undergoing elective colonoscopy were included. Patients completed a Hospital Anxiety and Depression questionnaire, letter cancellation tests and pain scores on a 100-mm visual analogue scale before, immediately after the procedure and at discharge. They also completed a satisfaction survey at discharge and 24 h after the procedure. Sixty-five patients were randomized to receive Entonox and 66 to midazolam-fentanyl. Completion rates were similar (94 versus 92 per cent respectively; P = 0.513). Patients receiving Entonox had a shorter time to discharge. They reported significantly less pain (mean score 16.7 versus 40.1; P < 0.001), and showed better recovery of psychomotor function immediately after the procedure and at discharge. Patient satisfaction was higher among patients who received Entonox (median score 96 versus 89; P = 0.001). Entonox provides better pain relief and faster recovery than midazolam-fentanyl and so is more effective for colonoscopy.

US$19.90

PMID: 19283736

DOI: 10.1002/bjs.6467


Other references

Gao, F.; Yao, C-Lin.; Gao, E.; Mo, Q-Zhong.; Yan, W-Li.; McLaughlin, R.; Lopez, B.L.; Christopher, T.A.; Ma, X.L., 2002: Enhancement of glutathione cardioprotection by ascorbic acid in myocardial reperfusion injury. The present experiment determined the effects of glutathione and ascorbic acid, the two most important hydrophilic antioxidants, on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury and evaluated their relative therapeutic values. Isolated rat hearts were su...

Dantzler, W.H.; Pannabecker, T.L.; Layton, A.T.; Layton, H.E., 2011: Urine concentrating mechanism in the inner medulla of the mammalian kidney: role of three-dimensional architecture. The urine concentrating mechanism in the mammalian renal inner medulla (IM) is not understood, although it is generally considered to involve countercurrent flows in tubules and blood vessels. A possible role for the three-dimensional relationship...

Deshpande, K.; Vyas, A.; Balakrishnan, A.; Vyas, D., 2016: Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats/Cas9 Genetic Engineering: Robotic Genetic Surgery. NlmCategory="UNASSIGNED">As a novel technology that utilizes the endogenous immune defense system in bacteria, CRISPR/Cas9 has transcended DNA engineering into a more pragmatic and clinically efficacious field. Using programmable sgRN...

Samus, Q.M.; Mayer, L.; Onyike, C.U.; Brandt, J.; Baker, A.; McNabney, M.; Rabins, P.V.; Lyketsos, C.G.; Rosenblatt, A., 2009: Correlates of functional dependence among recently admitted assisted living residents with and without dementia. To describe and contrast functional dependency (FD) levels among recently admitted AL residents with and without dementia and to assess the differential contribution of cognitive, behavioral, medical, and social factors on FD within each group. A...

Seccombe P.K.; Jiang Z., 1996: Fluid evolution in shear-zone hosted Cu-Au vein deposits; examples from the Cobar region, Lachlan fold belt, Australia. Program and Abstracts(Biennial Pan-American Conference on Research on Fluid Inclusions 6: 113-115

Ito, Y.S.iraishi, H.O.nishi, R., 1980: Numerical estimation of return flow in River basin. JARQ Japan agricultural research quarterly: 24-30

Bianchi, R.; Hille, A.; Saenger, S.; Cabrera, F.; Rojas, E., 1973: Comparative study of various parameters in the evaluation of isoimmunization against the negative Rh factor. Revista Chilena de Obstetricia Y Ginecologia 38(5): 201-205

Kusuhara, H.; Ichinohashi, K.; Sueyoshi, Y.; Tabata, Y.; Isogai, N., 2017: Reconstruction of Severely Crushed Fingertip Amputations with Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor Slow Release System. Supplemental Digital Content is available in the text.

Gaines, J.C.; Owen Jr., W.L.; Wipprecht, R., 1947: Effect of Dusting Schedules on the Yield of Cotton. The usual recommendations for the control of insects attacking cotton in the United States involve dusting with calcium arsenate, beginning when 10 per cent. of the squares are infested by the weevil or even with the pre-square stage if large numb...

Helms, C.C.; Crall, J.M.; Burt, E.O., 1957: Studies on chemical weed control in plumosus fern. Diuron was found to be the most satisfactory of 3 promising materials for weed control in asparagus fern.