+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Reactivity to stressor pile-up in adulthood: effects on daily negative and positive affect

, : Reactivity to stressor pile-up in adulthood: effects on daily negative and positive affect. Psychology and Aging 29(1): 72-83

This study used data from a 30-day diary study with 289 adults (age range 18-89 years) to model the effects of stressor pile-up on individuals' daily negative affect (NA) and positive affect (PA) and to test for age differences in these effects. Specifically, we developed a new approach to operationalize and model stressor pile-up and evaluated this approach using generalized mixed models, taking into account the gamma response distribution of the highly skewed daily NA data. Findings showed that pile-up of stressors over a 1-week period was significantly coupled with increases in individuals' daily NA above and beyond the effect of concurrent stressors. Findings also showed that the effects of stressor accumulation and concurrent stress were additive rather than multiplicative. Age interacted significantly with stressor accumulation so that a higher age was associated with less NA reactivity to stressor pile-up. Yet, we did not find such an age-related association for NA reactivity to concurrent daily stressors. Daily PA was not associated with daily stress or with stressor pile-up. The operational definition of stressor pile-up presented in this study contributes to the literature by providing a new approach to model the dynamic effects of stress, and by providing new ways of separating the effects of acute stressors from the effects of stressor pile-up. The age differences found in the present study suggest that older adults develop effective emotion regulation skills for handling stressor pile-up, but that they react to acute daily stressors in a similar way than younger adults.


PMID: 24660797

DOI: 10.1037/a0035500

Other references

Gallmeier, W.M.; Boecker, W.R.; Bruntsch, U.; Hossfeld, D.K.; Schmidt, C.G., 1977: Characterization of a human Hodgkin cell line and a lymphoblastic EBNA-negative cell line derived from a non-Hodgkin lymphoma patient. Haematology and Blood Transfusion 20: 277-281

Mukhtar, M.; Mian, M.A., 1971: Effect of time of nitrogen application on yield quality and growth characteristics of wheat Mexi-Pak 65. [311:224:220.62].In field experiments the effects of time of application of 168 kg N/ha as (NH4)2SO4 or urea were studied. Split N applications up to the second irrigation gave better yield responses than when some of the N was applied after the s...

Szymańska, M.H.; Keeling, J.; Littlewood, P.B., 2006: Nonequilibrium quantum condensation in an incoherently pumped dissipative system. We study spontaneous quantum coherence in an out of an equilibrium system, coupled to multiple baths describing pumping and decay. For a range of parameters describing coupling to, and occupation of the baths, a stable steady-state condensed solut...

Churchill, L., 2014: Narrative awareness in ethics consultations: the ethics consultant as story-maker. Hastings Center Report 44(1 Suppl): S36-S39

Ruiz, Y.; Caballero, P.; Caniego, Jé.Luis.; Friera, A.; Olivera, Mía.José.; Tagarro, D.; Alvarez-Sala, R., 2003: Prospective comparison of helical CT with angiography in pulmonary embolism: global and selective vascular territory analysis. Interobserver agreement. The objective of this prospective study was to evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and interobserver agreement in the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism with helical CT, compared with pulmonary angiography,...

Wollenweber, H.W.; Hochapfel, H., 1937: Contributions to the knowledge of parasitic and saprophytic fungi. IV. Coniothyrium and its relationship to fruit-rotting. In a brief introduction to this, the fourth instalment of this series, the authors state that they investigated the relationship of 12 species of Coniothyrium to fruit rots only because of the fact that representatives of this genus, which mostly...

Porsti I.; Arvola P.; Saynavalammi P.; Nurmi A.K.; Metsa Ketela T.; Koskenvuo K.; Laitinen L.A.; Manninen V.; Vapaatalo H., 1990: Effects of single doses of quinapril and atenolol on autonomic nervous function and exercise capacity in healthy volunteers. The effects of single oral doses of the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor quinapril (CI-906) 40 mg and the cardioselective .beta.-adrenoceptor blocker atenolol 100 mg on sympathetic and parasympathetic function and on exercise capacity...

Silber, E., 1999: Key developments in neurology. Practitioner 241(1578): 494-6, 498

Prout, L.B., 1958: New species of Indo-Australian Geometridae. A pre-fatory note by D. S. Fletcher explains that Part I of this paper includes descriptions prepared from the author's notes and papers after his death in order to validate the names of n. spp. figured on plates in vol. 12 of Seitz "Mac...

Ryan, P.J.; Chauduri, R.; Bingham, J.; Fogelman, I., 1996: A comparison of MRI and bone SPET in the diagnosis of knee pathology. Bone single photon emission tomography (SPET) of the knees has been shown to be of diagnostic value for the investigation of knee pain. This study compared bone SPET with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the diagnosis of knee disorders. Thirty...