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Reconstruction of the palatal aponeurosis with autogenous fascia lata in secondary radical intravelar veloplasty: a new method

, : Reconstruction of the palatal aponeurosis with autogenous fascia lata in secondary radical intravelar veloplasty: a new method. International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 37(8): 756-760

Velopharyngeal insufficiency in cleft patients with muscular insufficiency detected by nasendoscopy is commonly treated by secondary radical intravelar veloplasty, in which the palatal muscles are reoriented and positioned backwards. The dead space between the retro-displaced musculature and the posterior borders of the palatal bone remains problematic. Postoperatively, the surgically achieved lengthening of the soft palate often diminishes due to scar tissue formation in the dead space, leading to reattachment of the reoriented muscles to the palatal bone and to decreased mobility of the soft palate. To avoid this, the dead space should be restored by a structure imitating the function of the missing palatal aponeurosis. The entire dead space was covered using a double layer of autogenous fascia lata harvested from the lateral thigh, which should allow sufficient and permanent sliding of the retro-positioned musculature. A clinical case of a 9-year-old boy who underwent the operation is reported. Postoperatively, marked functional improvements were observable in speech assessment, nasendoscopy and nasometry. The case reported here suggests that the restoration of the dead space may be beneficial for effective secondary palatal repair. Fascia lata seems to be a suitable graft for this purpose.


PMID: 18586465

DOI: 10.1016/j.ijom.2008.05.007

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