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Relationship between pre-discharge occupational therapy home assessment and prevalence of post-discharge falls


, : Relationship between pre-discharge occupational therapy home assessment and prevalence of post-discharge falls. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16(6): 1333-1339

Pre-discharge occupational therapy home assessments are common practice, and considered important for falls prevention in older people. This prospective, observational cohort study describes the association between pre-discharge home assessment and falls in the first month post-discharge from a rehabilitation hospital. 342 inpatients were recruited and followed up 1 month post-discharge. Patients were classified into diagnostic groups (cardiac, orthopaedic trauma, spinal, peripheral joint surgery, neurological and deconditioned). Age, gender, falls risk [Falls Risk Assessment Scoring System (FRASS)], functional independence scores (FIM™) and receipt (or not) of a home assessment were recorded. Patients completed a diary to document post-discharge falls. Logistic regression analysis tested the effect on falling of receiving a home assessment, age, gender, diagnostic group, FRASS and FIM™. Considering all subjects, not receiving a home assessment increased the risk of falling 1 month post-discharge [odds ratio (OR) 2.6, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.4-4.7, P=0.003]. Neurological and orthopaedic trauma patients had significantly elevated risks of falling [OR (95% CI), respectively, 12.5 (4.7-33.2), 3.4 (1.4-8.4)] relative to the orthopaedic joint group. For all diagnostic groups except neurological, falls risk was mitigated by a home assessment. In non-neurological patients, adjusting for the effect of diagnostic group, FRASS and FIM™ scores indicated a significant association between not receiving a home assessment and falling (OR 4.2, 95% CI 2.1-8.2, P<0.001). Pre-discharge occupational therapy home assessments are sound post-discharge falls-prevention strategies in non-neurological patients. The decision to conduct a home assessment should consider diagnosis, falls risk and functional independence.

US$19.90

PMID: 20738473

DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2753.2009.01339.x


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