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Relationships between renin, aldosterone, and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure in obese adolescents

, : Relationships between renin, aldosterone, and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure in obese adolescents. Pediatric Research 69(4): 336-340

Renin-angiotensin system (RAS) activation and abnormalities of ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) are present in obesity, but relationships between components of the RAS and ABP have not been defined in the young. Anthropometric measurements and 24-h ABP were obtained on 30 obese adolescents with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus. Plasma renin activity (PRA), aldosterone, and other cardiovascular risk factors were measured. Median PRA levels were 2.5 [interquartile range (IQR), 1.7-4.1] ng/mL/h and were higher in the diabetic subjects compared with the nondiabetics. Females had significantly higher PRA than males 3.2 (IQR, 2-4.8) versus 1.8 (IQR, 1.1-2.9) ng/mL/h (p = 0.04) and were more obese. BMI Z score and PRA were significantly correlated (rho = 0.46, p < 0.001). PRA inversely correlated with 24-h systolic ABP (rho = -0.46, p = 0.02) and strongly with 24-h pulse pressure (rho = -0.61, p = 0.001). Aldosterone levels were also correlated with 24-h pulse pressure (rho = -0.46, p = 0.02). In multivariate models, lower PRA was independently associated with 24-h systolic blood pressure. In this study, PRA was positively correlated with BMI, but the relationships between components of the RAS and ABP were inverse. Further studies are needed to define the pathophysiologic relationship between RAS components and blood pressure regulation in obese youth.


PMID: 21178817

DOI: 10.1203/PDR.0b013e31820bd148

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