+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Self medication with antibiotics in Yogyakarta City Indonesia: a cross sectional population-based survey

, : Self medication with antibiotics in Yogyakarta City Indonesia: a cross sectional population-based survey. Bmc Research Notes 4(): 491-491

Self medication with antibiotics has become an important factor driving antibiotic resistance. This study investigated the period prevalence, patterns of use, and socio-demographic factors associated with self medication with antibiotics in Yogyakarta City Indonesia. This cross-sectional population-based survey used a pre-tested questionnaire which was self-administered to randomly selected respondents (over 18 years old) in Yogyakarta City Indonesia in 2010 (N = 625). Descriptive statistics, chi-square and logistic regression were applied. A total of 559 questionnaires were analyzed (response rate = 90%). The period prevalence of self medication with antibiotics during the month prior to the study was 7.3%. Amoxicillin was the most popular (77%) antibiotic for self medication besides ampicilline, fradiomisin-gramisidin, tetracycline, and ciprofloxacin to treat the following symptoms: the common-cold including cough and sore throat, headache, and other minor symptoms; with the length of use was mostly less than five days. Doctors or pharmacists were the most common source of information about antibiotics for self medication (52%). Antibiotics were usually purchased without prescription in pharmacies (64%) and the cost of the purchases was commonly less than US $1 (30%). Previous experience was reported to be the main reason for using non-prescribed antibiotics (54%). There were no socio-demographic variables significantly associated with the actual practice of using non-prescribed antibiotics. However, gender, health insurance, and marital status were significantly associated with the intent to self medicate with antibiotics (P < 0.05). Being male (Odds Ratio = 1.7 (1.2 - 2.6)) and having no health insurance (Odds Ratio = 1.5 (1.0 -2.3)) is associated with the intent to self medicate with antibiotics. This study is the first population-based study of self-medication with antibiotics among the Indonesian population. Usage of non-prescribed antibiotics as well as intent of doing so is common across socio-demographic categories. Given the findings, factors influencing people's intentions to self medicate with antibiotics are required to be investigated to better understand such behavior. Impact of health insurance coverage on self medication with antibiotics should also be further investigated.


PMID: 22078122

DOI: 10.1186/1756-0500-4-491

Other references

Eggers Lura, H., 1953: Biological explanation of results in experimental caries research. This is a review of newer results of caries research and an attempt to correlate them with the author's phosphatase theory on caries etiology.

Mamessier, E.; Magnan, A., 2006: Cytokines in atopic diseases: revisiting the Th2 dogma. In the field of allergic diseases, extensive research has demonstrated the implication of a strong TH2 activation that both initiates and maintains in situ inflammation with the help of TH2 cytokines. However, as anti-TH2 cytokines therapy is not...

Kliegman, R.M.; Miettinen, E.L., 1983: Fetal and neonatal metabolism in the pup of a canine diabetic mother. Hepatic intermediary metabolism. The intrahepatic metabolic profile of pups from a diabetic canine pregnancy (IDM pups) was examined at birth and during the postnatal adaptation to 3, 6, 9 or 24 h of neonatal starvation. Hepatic intermediates of the glycogen, glycolytic and Krebs...

Boecker R.; Rummelt V.; Estler C J., 1985: Influence of hymecromone on drug metabolism. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology 329(SUPPL): R16

Al-Harazi, A.; Goel, R.; Tan, C.T.K.; Cheah, W.Keat.; Lomanto, D., 2015: Laparoscopic ventral hernia repair: defining the learning curve. Between 2004 and June 2011, 181 patients underwent laparoscopic ventral hernia repair. Three main surgeons, all experienced in laparoscopic procedures, performed all the cases. After analyzing the operative time (OT) for 3 main surgeons, within th...

Alverdes, F., 1920: Uber die Vererbung von Abnormitaten. (Nach Untersuchungen an Copepoden.). Zoologischer Anzeiger Leipzig, 52 44-45

Dakin, H.; Sherman, M.; Fung, S.; Fidler, C.; Bentley, A., 2012: Cost effectiveness of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B from a Canadian public payer perspective. Previous research has demonstrated that tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (DF) is the most cost-effective nucleos(t)ide treatment for chronic hepatitis B (CHB) in the UK, Spain, Italy and France. However, to our knowledge, no published studies have ye...

Carissa Schively Slotterback, 2008: Evaluating the implementation of environmental review mitigation in local planning and development processes. The implementation of mitigation strategies and outcomes of environmental review remains a challenge for planners and regulators. While the process and content of environmental review is clearly defined, there is often little attention to what hap...

Harland, Wayne., 1996: Obituaries. Magnotte, Gary, 1938-1996. American Conchologist. September; 243: 24

Silka, M.J.; Bar-Cohen, Y., 2017: Prevalence of Atrial Fibrillation and Permanent Atrial Arrhythmias in Congenital Heart Disease: Sequel or Series?. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 70(7): 866-868