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Skeletal muscle cellularity and expression of myogenic regulatory factors and myosin heavy chains in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss): effects of changes in dietary plant protein sources and amino acid profiles

, : Skeletal muscle cellularity and expression of myogenic regulatory factors and myosin heavy chains in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss): effects of changes in dietary plant protein sources and amino acid profiles. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology 156(4): 561-568

The nutritional regulation of skeletal muscle growth is very little documented in fish. The aim of the study presented here was to determine how changes in dietary plant protein sources and amino acid profiles affect the muscle growth processes of fish. Juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchys mykiss) were fed two diets containing fish meal and a mixture of plant protein sources either low (control diet) or rich in soybean meal (diet S). Both diets were supplemented with crystalline indispensable amino acids (IAA) to match the rainbow trout muscle IAA profile. Diet S was also supplemented with glutamic acid, an AA present in high quantities in trout muscle. Rainbow trout fed diets C and S were not significantly different in terms of overall somatic growth or daily nitrogen gain, although their parameters of dietary protein utilisation differed. Distribution of skeletal white muscle fibre diameter and expression of certain selected muscle genes were also affected by dietary changes. In the white muscle, diet S led to a significant decrease (x0.9) in the mean and median diameters of muscle fibres, to a significant decrease (x0.6) in the expression of MyoD and to a significant increase (x1.7) in the expression of fast-MHC, with no significant changes in myogenin expression. There was no change in the expression of the genes analysed in lateral red muscle (MyoD, MyoD2, myogenin and slow-MHC). These results demonstrated that changes occurred in skeletal white muscle cellularity and expression of MyoD and fast-MHC, although overall growth and protein accretion were not modified, when a diet rich in soybean meal and glutamic acid was ingested. Present findings also indicated that the white and red muscles of rainbow trout are differently affected by nutritional changes.


PMID: 20434580

DOI: 10.1016/j.cbpa.2010.04.015

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