geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Stress and mental disorders in female military personnel: comparisons between the sexes in a male dominated profession


, : Stress and mental disorders in female military personnel: comparisons between the sexes in a male dominated profession. Journal of Psychiatric Research 46(2): 159-167

The proportion of women in militaries is growing; however, many studies in the area of military mental health have been conducted with majority male samples. The present study examined sex differences in trauma exposure, work stress, and mental disorders in the Canadian Community Health Survey - Canadian Forces Supplement, a representative sample of 5155 regular force personnel and 3286 reservists ages 16-54. Past-year DSM-IV mental disorders (depression, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social phobia, PTSD, and alcohol dependence), lifetime exposure to 28 traumatic events, and work stress were assessed. Regular and reserve female personnel were less likely than males to experience deployment-related traumas, accidents, and several events involving violence (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] range 0.10-0.62). Women were more likely to endorse sexual trauma, partner abuse, and being stalked (AOR range 3.60-13.63). For work stress, regular force women reported higher levels of job demand and stress around social support than men, whereas regular and reserve force women reported less physical exertion. After adjusting for a range of covariates, regular female personnel were more likely than males to have PTSD (AOR 1.88, 99% CI 1.01-3.50), while reservist women were more likely than men to have depression, panic disorder, and any mood or anxiety disorder (AOR range 1.87-6.98). Both regular and reservist women had lower rates of alcohol dependence (AOR range 0.30-0.34). Clinicians working with female personnel should screen for trauma/stressors and mental disorders that are particularly common in this population.

US$19.90

PMID: 22024487

DOI: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2011.09.014


Other references

Skobeleva, N.I.; Egorov, I.A.; Petrova, T.A.; Bokuchava, M.A., 1977: Aromatization of tea to improve its quality and biological value. Compounds of plant origin can improve the aroma and taste of black instant tea and raise their nutritive and biological quality.

Landum, M.C.; Félix, M.do.Rosário.; Alho, J.; Garcia, R.; Cabrita, M.João.; Rei, F.; Varanda, C.M.R., 2016: Antagonistic activity of fungi of Olea europaea L. against Colletotrichum acutatum. Fungi naturally present in olive trees were identified and tested for their antagonistic potential against Colletotrichum acutatum. A total of 14 isolates were identified, 12 belonged to genera Alternaria, Epicoccum, Fusarium, Aspergillus, Anthrin...

Lightner, D.A.; Reisinger, M.; Landen, G.L., 1986: On the structure of albumin-bound bilirubin. Selective binding of intramolecularly hydrogen-bonded conformational enantiomers. The intramolecularly hydrogen-bonded bichromophoric tetrapyrrole pigments, bilirubin-IX alpha and mesobilirubin-XIII alpha, adopt either of two folded, intramolecularly hydrogen-bonded, enantiomeric conformations which are in dynamic equilibrium i...

Boylan, K., 2016: Prescribing Antidepressants: Writing a Prescription is the Easiest Part. Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 25(1): 3-3

Morrell, C.; Weinberg, J.A., 1951: Streptokinase and streptodornase in suppurative lesions. Western Journal of Surgery, Obstetrics, and Gynecology 59(10): 524-528

Reisch, E., 1968: Proven tools for micro-planning and decisions. The paper specifies new models and methods which can be accepted for application at the farm level, assessing the extent to which they give useful results. Models and approaches which have not proved successful are mentioned and the range of model...

Adams, T.O., 1970: The dentist and the "total patient". Dental Student 48(9): 90-92

Krabbe, N., 1984: An additional specimen of the swallow-tailed cotinga Phibalura flavirostris boliviana. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club, 1042: 68-69

Anic, G.M.; Pathak, E.Barnett.; Tanner, J.Paul.; Casper, M.L.; Branch, L.G., 2014: Transfer of residents to hospital prior to cardiac death: the influence of nursing home quality and ownership type. We hypothesised that among nursing home decedents, nursing home for-profit status and poor quality-of-care ratings, as well as patient characteristics, would lower the likelihood of transfer to hospital prior to heart disease death. Using death ce...

Anonymous, 1972: Studies of human growth hormone. Southern Medical Journal 65(9): 1067-1074