geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

The Groningen Protocol - the Jewish perspective


, : The Groningen Protocol - the Jewish perspective. Neonatology 96(1): 6-10

Despite significant advances in neonatology, there will always be newborns with serious life-threatening conditions creating most difficult bioethical dilemmas. Active euthanasia for adult patients is one of the most controversial bioethical questions; for severely ill neonates, the issue is even more complex, due to their inability to take part in any decision concerning their future. The Groningen Protocol introduced in 2005 by P.J. Sauer proposes criteria allowing active euthanasia for severely ill, not necessarily terminal, newborns with incurable conditions and poor quality of life in order to spare them unbearable suffering. We discuss the ethical dilemma and ideological foundations of the protocol, the opinions of its defenders and critics, and the dangers involved. The Jewish perspective relating to the subject is presented based on classical Jewish sources, which we trust may enrich modern bioethical debates. In Jewish law, the fetus acquires full legal status only after birth. However, while the lives of terminally ill neonates must in no way be actively destroyed or shortened, there is no obligation to make extraordinary efforts to prolong their lives. Accurate preimplantation or prenatal diagnosis might significantly reduce the incidence of nonviable births, but active killing of infants violates the basic foundations of Jewish law, and opens the 'slippery slope' for uncontrolled abuse. Therefore, we call upon the international medical and bioethical community to reject the Groningen Protocol that permits euthanization and to develop ethical guidelines for the optimal care of severely compromised neonates.

US$19.90

PMID: 19176977

DOI: 10.1159/000196882


Other references

Banaszak, M.; Woerner, G., 2009: Depth-temperature-time evolution in Central Andean magmatic systems. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 73.13S: A84

Onaga, M.; Ido, A.; Hasuike, S.; Uto, H.; Moriuchi, A.; Nagata, K.; Hori, T.; Hayash, K.; Tsubouchi, H., 2003: Osteoactivin expressed during cirrhosis development in rats fed a choline-deficient, L-amino acid-defined diet, accelerates motility of hepatoma cells. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is closely associated with chronic liver diseases, particularly cirrhosis. However, the genes involved in hepatocarcinogenesis in the context of developing cirrhosis remain unknown. This study aims to identify genes...

Blin O.; Samuel D.; Guieu R.; Pouget J.; Nieoullon A.; Serratrice G., 1992: Report of a case with both amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and huntingtons chorea increase in csf aspartate level. Revue Neurologique (Paris) 148(2): 144-146

Taverne, L., 1981: Osteology and systematic affinities of Leptolepides sprattiformis (Pisces, Teleostei) from the Upper Jurassic of Europe Fish.1. Annales Societe royale zoologique de Belgiqueub 1981) 110(1): 7-28

Duke-Elder, S., 1952: The phasic variations in the ocular tension in primary glaucoma. American Journal of Ophthalmology 35(1): 1-21

Kanakaraj, S.R.; Rao, M.A., 1966: Effect of adrenalectomy and administration of desoxycorticosterone acetate on spawning in Rana cyanophlyctis Schn. Die Naturwissenschaften 53(16): 413-413

Elklit, A.; Hartvig, T.; Christiansen, M., 2008: Stress disorder in parents of premature neonates--secondary publication. The current study evaluated the psychological sequelae in 66 parents of premature neonates (mean weight 842 grams). A total of 35% of the parents reported that their child had a handicap, while 20% of the women met the criteria of post-traumatic s...

Souers, A.J.; Wodka, D.; Gao, J.; Lewis, J.C.; Vasudevan, A.; Gentles, R.; Brodjian, S.; Dayton, B.; Ogiela, C.A.; Fry, D.; Hernandez, L.E.; Marsh, K.C.; Collins, C.A.; Kym, P.R., 2004: Synthesis and evaluation of 2-amino-8-alkoxy quinolines as MCHr1 antagonists. Part 1. A high-throughput screen was performed in order to identify chemotypes that are bound by the melanin concentrating hormone receptor-1 (MCHr1). A novel 2-amino-8-alkoxyquinoline compound (1) was identified and subsequently optimized using a paralle...

Ahmed, S.; Siddiqui, A.K.; Mehrotra, B., 2003: Diagnostic yield of bone marrow examination in fever of unknown origin. American Journal of Medicine 115(7): 591-592

Fernández, M.M.; García-Rozado, A.; Parente, P.L., 2007: Is microvascular density an independent prognostic factor in squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue?. The relationship between tumour angiogenesis and prognosis in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas remains controversial in the literature. This study was designed to determine the role of tumour vascularization in tongue squamous cell carcinoma...