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The adenovirus type 3 dodecahedron's RGD loop comprises an HSPG binding site that influences integrin binding

, : The adenovirus type 3 dodecahedron's RGD loop comprises an HSPG binding site that influences integrin binding. Journal of Biomedicine & Biotechnology 2010: 541939-541939

Human type 3 adenovirus dodecahedron (a virus like particle made of twelve penton bases) features the ability to enter cells through Heparan Sulphate Proteoglycans (HSPGs) and integrins interaction and is used as a versatile vector to deliver DNA or proteins. Cryo-EM reconstruction of the pseudoviral particle with Heparan Sulphate (HS) oligosaccharide shows an extradensity on the RGD loop. A set of mutants was designed to study the respective roles of the RGD sequence (RGE mutant) and of a basic sequence located just downstream. Results showed that the RGE mutant binding to the HS deficient CHO-2241 cells was abolished and unexpectedly, mutation of the basic sequence (KQKR to AQAS) dramatically decreased integrin recognition by the viral pseudoparticle. This basic sequence is thus involved in integrin docking, showing a close interplay between HSPGs and integrin receptors.


PMID: 20224646

DOI: 10.1155/2010/541939

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