+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

The effects of prior exposure on face processing in younger and older adults

, : The effects of prior exposure on face processing in younger and older adults. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience 3: 15-15

Older adults differ from their younger counterparts in the way they view faces. We assessed whether older adults can use past experience to mitigate these typical face-processing differences; that is, we examined whether there are age-related differences in the use of memory to support current processing. Eye movements of older and younger adults were monitored as they viewed faces that varied in the type/amount of prior exposure. Prior exposure was manipulated by including famous and novel faces, and by presenting faces up to five times. We expected that older adults may have difficulty quickly establishing new representations to aid in the processing of recently presented faces, but would be able to invoke face representations that have been stored in memory long ago to aid in the processing of famous faces. Indeed, younger adults displayed effects of recent exposure with a decrease in the total fixations to the faces and a gradual increase in the proportion of fixations to the eyes. These effects of recent exposure were largely absent in older adults. In contrast, the effect of fame, revealed by a subtle increase in fixations to the inner features of famous compared to non-famous faces, was similar for younger and older adults. Our results suggest that older adults' current processing can benefit from lifetime experience, however the full benefit of recent experience on face processing is not realized in older adults.


PMID: 22007169

DOI: 10.3389/fnagi.2011.00015

Other references

Ahn, J.E.n; Kim, C.; Shin, C.S.o, 2001: Enzymic synthesis of aspartame precursors from eutectic substrate mixtures. The precursor of aspartame N-benzyloxycarbonyl-L-aspartic acid-L-phenylalanine methyl ester (N-CBZ-L-Asp-L-PheOMe) was synthesized using thermolysin from eutectic mixtures of the substrates N-benzyloxycarbonyl-L-aspartic acid (N-CBZ-L-Asp) and L-p...

Siqueira, Jé.R.; Maki, R.M.; Paulovich, F.V.; Werner, C.F.; Poghossian, A.; de Oliveira, M.C.F.; Zucolotto, V.; Oliveira, O.N.; Schöning, M.J., 2010: Use of information visualization methods eliminating cross talk in multiple sensing units investigated for a light-addressable potentiometric sensor. The integration of nanostructured films containing biomolecules and silicon-based technologies is a promising direction for reaching miniaturized biosensors that exhibit high sensitivity and selectivity. A challenge, however, is to avoid cross tal...

Ikenoue, N.; Kawazu, S-ichiro.; Hatabu, T.; Villacorte, E.A.; Rivera, P.T.; Kano, S., 2003: PCR-amplification, sequencing, and comparison of the var/PfEMP-1 gene from the blood of patients with falciparum malaria in the Philippines. The adhesion of Plasmodium falciparum-infected erythrocytes to vascular endothelium and to uninfected red blood cells (RBCs) plays a key role in the pathology of severe malaria. Adhesion is known to be mediated in part by the antigenically-variant...

O'Gorman, J.G.; Mangan, G.L.; Gowen, J.A., 1970: Selective habituation of galvanic skin response component of the orientation reaction to an auditory stimulus. Psychophysiology 6(6): 716-721

Bennun I., 1980: Obsessional slowness a replication and extension. The treatment of an obsessionally slow patient is described. A combination of pacing and self instruction was used to speed up behavior. This method is adopted and extended from that reported by Rachman. Suggestions for the maintenance of the trea...

Bierlaire, D.; Mauguin, S.; Broult, J.; Musso, D., 2017: Zika virus and blood transfusion: the experience of French Polynesia. Between October 2013 and March 2014, French Polynesia experienced the largest Zika virus (ZIKV) outbreak ever described before the emergence of ZIKV in the Americas in 2015. As arbovirus transfusion-transmitted (TT) infections have been previously...

Yu, K.; Struwe, S.; Kjøller, A.; Chen, G., 2008: Nitrous Oxide Production and Consumption Potential in an Agricultural and a Forest Soil. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 39(15-16): 2205-2220

Batra, H.N., 1960: Practical hints for controlling the red pumpkin beetle. Indian Hort 4(2): 10-11

Matsuyama, A.; Yoshida, M., 2012: Heterologous gene expression by chromosomal integration in fission yeast. Thanks to the convenience and flexibility of the multicopy plasmid-based approach for heterologous gene expression, this technique has long been used for biological studies, especially in prokaryotes and lower eukaryotes. For better understanding...

Quinet, G.E.; Verlinden, W., 1970: Sur l'Hyracotherium d'Erquelinnes (Jeumont). Bull Inst r Sci nat Belg, 46(34): 1-10