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The essential role of clathrin-mediated endocytosis in the infectious entry of human enterovirus 71

, : The essential role of clathrin-mediated endocytosis in the infectious entry of human enterovirus 71. Journal of Biological Chemistry 286(1): 309-321

Little is currently known about the infectious entry process of human enterovirus 71 (HEV71) into host cells, which may represent potential anti-viral targeting sites. In this study a targeted small-interfering RNA (siRNA) screening platform assay was established and validated to identify and profile key cellular genes involved in processes of endocytosis, cytoskeletal dynamics, and endosomal trafficking essential for HEV71 infection. Screen evaluation was conducted via the expression of well characterized dominant-negative mutants, bioimaging studies (double-labeled immunofluorescence assays, transmission electron microscopy analysis), secondary siRNA-based dosage dependence studies, and drug inhibition assays. The infectious entry of HEV71 into rhabdomyosarcoma cells was shown to be significantly inhibited by siRNAs targeting genes associated with clathrin-mediated endocytosis (CME) that include AP2A1, ARRB1, CLTC, CLTCL1, SYNJ1, ARPC5, PAK1, ROCK1, and WASF1. The functional role of CME was verified by the observation of strong co-localization between HEV71 particles and clathrin as well as dose-dependent inhibition of HEV71 infection upon siRNA knockdown of CME-associated genes. HEV71 entry by CME was further confirmed via inhibition by dominant-negative EPS15 mutants and treatment of CME drug inhibitors, with more than 80% inhibition observed at 20 μm chlorpromazine. Furthermore, HEV71 infection was shown to be sensitive to the disruption of human genes in regulating early to late endosomal trafficking as well as endosomal acidic pH. The identification of clathrin-mediated endocytosis as the entry pathway for HEV71 infection of susceptible host cells contributes to a better understanding of HEV71 pathogenesis and enables future development of anti-viral strategies against HEV71 infection.


PMID: 20956521

DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M110.168468

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