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The expression and role of stromal cell-derived factor-1alpha-CXCR4 axis in human dental pulp

, : The expression and role of stromal cell-derived factor-1alpha-CXCR4 axis in human dental pulp. Journal of Endodontics 34(8): 939-944

Recent reports have suggested that the stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1alpha-CXCR4 axis has a direct effect on stem and progenitor cell recruitment in muscle and neural tissue repair after injury. No information is available about SDF-1alpha or CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) in dental tissues. The aim of this study was to assess the expression of SDF-1alpha and its receptor, CXCR4, in healthy or inflamed human dental pulp and to evaluate the effects of SDF-1alpha on dental pulp cells (DPCs) in both proliferation and migration in vitro. Immunohistochemical staining and reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction detected weak expression of SDF-1alpha and CXCR4 in healthy dental pulp and strong expression of SDF-1alpha and CXCR4 in inflamed dental pulp. A methylthiazol tetrazolium assay showed that SDF-1alpha could not promote DPCs proliferation. A transmigration assay, however, indicated that SDF-1alpha enhanced DPCs migration, which could be abolished by anti-CXCR4 antibodies. Taken together, these results imply that the SDF-1alpha-CXCR4 axis may play a role in the recruitment of CXCR4-positive DPCs toward the damaged sites.


PMID: 18634924

DOI: 10.1016/j.joen.2008.05.015

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