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The incidence, pattern and management outcomes of early pregnancy losses at the Ebonyi State University Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki

, : The incidence, pattern and management outcomes of early pregnancy losses at the Ebonyi State University Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki. Nigerian Journal of Medicine 19(4): 441-446

Early pregnancy losses are a source of deep emotional trauma to any woman, her family and the attttending Gynaecologist. This study evaluated the prelence, pattern and management outcomes of such losses at a tertiary Health Institution. Data of all women who suffered early pregnancy losses between 1st January, 2002 and 31st December, 2004, were reviewed in a descriptive study. Information obtained from their case notes which related to the early pregnancy event, their socio demographics, obstetric history and management outcomes were collated. Univariate analysis was performed and frequency tables and figures were constructed where appropriate. Early pregnancy losses comprised miscarriages, molar pregnancy and ectopic gestations accounted for 32.1% of all gynaecological admissions during the period. Miscarriages were the commonest diagnosis and incomplete abortion constituted the bulk of this. Women of all parities were involved but rate of loss increased down the socio economic class strata. Majority were unbooked. A maternal mortality rate of 1.8% attended all forms of early pregnancy losses during the period. Early pregnancy loss constitutes a major gynaecological problem in our centre. Health care providers must institute prompt and appropriate clinical management for a good clinical outcome.


PMID: 21526636

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