+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

The influence of study methods and knowledge processing on academic success and long-term recall of anatomy learning by first-year veterinary students

, : The influence of study methods and knowledge processing on academic success and long-term recall of anatomy learning by first-year veterinary students. Anatomical Sciences Education 1(2): 68-74

The purpose of this investigation was to quantitatively and qualitatively identify the study methods and learning strategies that veterinary students used to study anatomy during their first year of professional school and to correlate these with their academic achievement and long-term recall of information. It was surmised that active study methods would be more beneficial than passive method, but this hypothesis was not supported. The activity or passivity of each study method was secondary to the way in which the students processed the learning. No single study method was associated with academic success or long-term recall; instead, successful students used a multitude of study methods while the struggling students relied on a single method alone, although these methods varied from student to student. Students and their study methods were profiled using the qualitative technique known as phenomenographic analysis to find those who studied in a deep or surface way. The deep-processing students, who commonly used multiple study methods, not only succeeded in the class but also had better recall. Students who relied on a memorization-heavy surface approach to learning had limited recall and tended to perform poorly in the class. These results strongly suggest that by encouraging students to integrate their studying by using multiple methods educators can improve both student grades and recall of complex topics.


PMID: 19177384

DOI: 10.1002/ase.12

Other references

Shkutko, Mv, 1980: Yield and quality of the seed of e. Vestsi Akademii navuk BSSR Seryia biialagichnykh navuk = Izvestiia Akademii nauk BSSR Seriia biologicheskikh nauk: ) 30-35

Robertson, D.S., 1978: Distribution of Mu induced mutants. The action of the mutator system Mu was investigated by locating mutants using a set of A-B translocations and by allele tests. The pattern of distribution of induced mutants supported a model of a general mutator as opposed to a locus-specific or...

Valicenti, V., 1977: Citrus growing in the district of Matera. The article describes the different areas in this district and refers to soil condition and climatic variations. Varieties of orange and their characteristics are described - Biondo (Yellow), Vainiglio, Golden di Tursi, and Golden di Montalbano, T...

Marme, Dieter, 2000: VGEF-Mediated tumor angiogenesis Molecular facts and therapeutic opportunities. European Urology. 38(4): 486, Ober

Smith I.M.; Molenkamp F., 1980: Dynamic displacements of offshore structures due to low frequency sinusoidal loading. Geotechnique 30(2): 179-205

Wikström, B.G.; Ronquist, G.; Waldenström, A., 1995: Dynamics of myocardial metabolism in the preconditioned porcine heart studied using continuous microdialysis. A microdialysis technique was used to measure myocardial catabolism of adenine nucleotides during preconditioning. Following thoracotomy in domestic pigs, a probe was inserted into the ischaemic myocardium and two probes into normal myocardium. Pr...

Hawkins, R.D., 2014: Possible contributions of a novel form of synaptic plasticity in Aplysia to reward, memory, and their dysfunctions in mammalian brain. Recent studies in Aplysia have identified a new variation of synaptic plasticity in which modulatory transmitters enhance spontaneous release of glutamate, which then acts on postsynaptic receptors to recruit mechanisms of intermediate- and long-t...

Merten, H.A.; Juergensen, B.; Bergmann, F.; Koehler, M.; Wieding, J.U., 1999: Aspirin-prolonged bleeding time is shortened even with 02 ug/kg DDAVP Normalization did not correlate with FVIII/vWF-levels. Annals of Hematology 78(SUPPL 1): A18

Koyuncu, M.; Mason, S.M.; Shinkwin, C., 1994: Effect of hearing loss in electrocochleographic investigation of endolymphatic hydrops using tone-pip and click stimuli. Extratympanic electrocochleography (ECochG) was performed on 37 patients referred to the Evoked Potential Clinic with suspected Meniere's disease. The patients were classified according to their hearing impairment and audiometric configuratio...

Defer, G.; Chaine, P.; Daumas Duport, C., 1997: Acute hydrocephaly and hypothalamic involvement in a 24-year-old Guyanese patient. Revue Neurologique (Paris) 153(3): 215-222