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The investigation of degradation and mineralization of high concentrations of formaldehyde in an electro-Fenton process combined with the biodegradation


, : The investigation of degradation and mineralization of high concentrations of formaldehyde in an electro-Fenton process combined with the biodegradation. Journal of Hazardous Materials 237-238: 147-152

This study was done to evaluate the degradation and mineralization of formaldehyde (≈ 8000 mg/L) in an electro-Fenton process (EFP) in combination with biodegradation. In the first step, the influence of several important parameters including solution pH, current density, H(2)O(2) concentration, and reaction time were tested on the efficiency of the EFP in degradation and mineralization of formaldehyde in a concentrated solution. The optimum pH and current density was found to be around 10 and 8.5 mA/cm(2), respectively. The formaldehyde degradation in the EFP increased with an increased H(2)O(2) concentration. Under optimum pH and current density, the complete degradation and 51% mineralization of formaldehyde was attained in the EFP using a H(2)O(2) concentration of 10mM/min at a short reaction time of 6 min. The biodegradation of the effluent of EFP under optimum conditions (complete formaldehyde removal) was also tested. The results demonstrated that the concentration of the EFP effluent could be efficiently reduced in the bioreactor to below 50mg/L after a biodegradation time of 16d. Accordingly, results showed that EFP was a very efficient process for degradation and mineralization of a high concentration of formaldehyde so that its effluent could be efficiently post-treated with a biological process.

US$19.90

PMID: 22975256

DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2012.08.022


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