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The mechanism of heme oxygenase-1 action involved in the enhancement of neurotrophic factor expression


, : The mechanism of heme oxygenase-1 action involved in the enhancement of neurotrophic factor expression. Neuropharmacology 58(2): 321-329

Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is up-regulated in response to oxidative stress and catalyzes the degradation of pro-oxidant heme to carbon monoxide (CO), iron and bilirubin. Bilirubin is a potent antioxidant and neuroprotectant. Neurotrophic factors of BDNF and GDNF also play important roles in survival and morphological differentiation of dopaminergic neurons. We have previously found that HO-1 induction by adenovirus containing human HO-1 gene (Ad-HO-1) in substantia nigra of rat increases BDNF and GDNF expression. We here further examined the possible mechanism of HO-1 action involved in the enhancement of neurotrophic factor expression. Treatment of anti-BDNF/GDNF antibody significantly enhanced dopaminergic neuronal death, whereas Ad-HO-1 co-treatment was able to antagonize the apoptosis-inducing effect of these antibodies. The confocal imaging shows that HO-1 induction appeared in dopaminergic neuron, astrocyte and microglia at 24 h after injecting Ad-HO-1. HO-1 induced-BDNF/GDNF mRNA expression in substantia nigra was 26/21 folds of that of the contralateral Ad-injected side. The downstream product bilirubin increased GDNF expression through ERK and PI3K-Akt pathways, and also enhanced NFkappaB (p65 and p50) nuclear translocation in glia-enriched cultures. In addition, bilirubin also enhanced BDNF expression through similar pathway in cortical neuron-enriched cultures. We also examined the effect of another HO-1 product, CO, by using CO donor. [Ru(CO)3Cl2]2 increased neurotrophic factor expression via sGC-PKG pathway in both neuron and glia. These results indicate that the downstream products of HO-1, i.e. bilirubin and CO, modulate BDNF and GDNF expression in neuron and astrocyte.

US$19.90

PMID: 19925812

DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2009.11.003


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