geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

The relative impact of nicotine dependence, other substance dependence, and gender on Bechara Gambling Task performance


, : The relative impact of nicotine dependence, other substance dependence, and gender on Bechara Gambling Task performance. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology 16(6): 513-520

Individuals with substance use disorders (SUDs) tend to focus more on immediate, rather than cumulative, consequences of their actions on measures of decision-making. This type of decision-making may contribute to continued substance use. The present study compared the performance of four groups of individuals on one measure of decision-making, the Bechara Gambling Task (BGT). The groups were (a) heavy smokers with comorbid substance dependence (n = 40), (b) heavy smokers with no history of substance dependence (n = 19), (c) substance dependent never smokers (n = 26), and (d) never smokers with no history of substance dependence (n = 34). Analysis revealed that there were no significant main effects of gender or SUD status. However, a significant gender by SUD status interaction was found, such that men with an SUD performed more poorly on the BGT than men without an SUD history. Women with and without an SUD both performed poorly on this task. Unexpectedly, no differences in BGT performance were found between smokers and nonsmokers. Overall, findings indicate that having an SUD, other than nicotine dependence, is correlated with poor BGT performance in men only. The BGT did not differentiate between women with and without SUDs, and therefore, may not be an appropriate measure of decision-making in women.

US$19.90

PMID: 19086772

DOI: 10.1037/a0013510


Other references

Perkins, JS.; Balcomb, K.C.; III.; Nichols, G.; Jr.; Tilghman Hall, A.; Smultea, M.; Thumser, N., 1985: Status of the west Greenland humpback whale feeding aggregation, 1981-83. International Whaling Commission Report of the Commission, 35: 379-383

Consonni, F.; Dotta, L.; Todaro, F.; Vairo, D.; Badolato, R., 2017: Signal transducer and activator of transcription gain-of-function primary immunodeficiency/immunodysregulation disorders. To describe primary immunodeficiencies caused by gain-of-function (GOF) mutations of signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) genes, a group of genetically determined disorders characterized by susceptibility to infections and, in m...

Uresti, R.M.; Velazquez, G.; Vazquez, M.; Ramirez, J.A.; Torres, J.A., 2006: Effects of combining microbial transglutaminase and high pressure processing treatments on the mechanical properties of heat-induced gels prepared from arrowtooth flounder (Atheresthes stomias). The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of setting conditions (25 degrees C for 2 h or 40 degrees C for 30 min) and combining of microbial transglutaminase (MTGase) and high pressure processing (HPP) on the mechanical properties of...

Alam, M.; Rohac, J., 2015: Adaptive data filtering of inertial sensors with variable bandwidth. MEMS (micro-electro-mechanical system)-based inertial sensors, i.e., accelerometers and angular rate sensors, are commonly used as a cost-effective solution for the purposes of navigation in a broad spectrum of terrestrial and aerospace applicatio...

Catipon, E.M.; Legaspi, B.M.; Jarilla, F.A., 1988: Development of mungbean varieties from AVRDC lines for the Philippines. Vigna radiata breeding programmes carried out by the AVRDC-Philippine Outreach Program and the Bureau of Plant Industry are described. Results are presented of field trials (upland monoculture, partial shade under coconut trees, and general nurser...

Lee, D.S.; Nguyen, Q.T.; Lapointe, N.; Austin, P.C.; Ohlsson, A.; Tu, J.V.; Stewart, D.J.; Rouleau, J.L., 2003: Meta-analysis of the effects of endothelin receptor blockade on survival in experimental heart failure. Although an initial study of endothelin receptor blockade reported positive findings, subsequent experiments and clinical trials in humans found little or no benefit. We applied meta-analytic methods to assess the methodologic rigor of preclinical...

Bourchier, R.S.; Smith, S.M.; Song, S.J., 1993: Host acceptance and parasitoid size as predictors of parasitoid quality for mass-reared Trichogramma minutum. The sizes and host acceptance of Trichogramma minutum reared on Ephestia kuehniella or Choristoneura fumiferana were compared. Wing length was a better predictor of potential fecundity than hind-tibial length. C. fumiferana-reared T. minutum were...

Lo, V.Kar-Yan.; Wong, M-Kin.; Che, C-Ming., 2008: Gold-catalyzed highly enantioselective synthesis of axially chiral allenes. Axially chiral allenes are synthesized from chiral propargylamines catalyzed by KAuCl4 in high yields (up to 93% yield) and excellent enantioselectivities (up to 97% ee) in CH3CN at 40 degrees C. The reaction has been applied to the synthesis of n...

Selemon, L.D.; Ceritoglu, C.; Ratnanather, J.Tilak.; Wang, L.; Harms, M.P.; Aldridge, K.; Begović, A.; Csernansky, J.G.; Miller, M.I.; Rakic, P., 2013: Distinct abnormalities of the primate prefrontal cortex caused by ionizing radiation in early or midgestation. Prenatal exposure of the brain to environmental insult causes different neurological symptoms and behavioral outcomes depending on the time of exposure. To examine the cellular bases for these differences, we exposed rhesus macaque fetuses to x-ra...

Song, I.; Yi, J.Geun.; Park, J.Hee.; Kim, S.Mok.; Lee, K.Soo.; Chung, M.Jin., 2016: Virtual Non-Contrast CT Using Dual-Energy Spectral CT: Feasibility of Coronary Artery Calcium Scoring. To evaluate the feasibility of coronary artery calcium scoring based on three virtual noncontrast-enhanced (VNC) images derived from single-source spectral dual-energy CT (DECT) as compared with true noncontrast-enhanced (TNC) images. This prospec...