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The stem of vesicular stomatitis virus G can be replaced with the HIV-1 Env membrane-proximal external region without loss of G function or membrane-proximal external region antigenic properties


, : The stem of vesicular stomatitis virus G can be replaced with the HIV-1 Env membrane-proximal external region without loss of G function or membrane-proximal external region antigenic properties. Aids Research and Human Retroviruses 30(11): 1130-1144

The structure of the HIV-1 envelope membrane-proximal external region (MPER) is influenced by its association with the lipid bilayer on the surface of virus particles and infected cells. To develop a replicating vaccine vector displaying MPER sequences in association with membrane, Env epitopes recognized by the broadly neutralizing antibodies 2F5, 4E10, or both were grafted into the membrane-proximal stem region of the vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) glycoprotein (G). VSV encoding functional G-MPER chimeras based on G from the Indiana or New Jersey serotype propagated efficiently, although grafting of both epitopes (G-2F5-4E10) modestly reduced replication and resulted in the acquisition of one to two adaptive mutations in the grafted MPER sequence. Monoclonal antibodies 2F5 and 4E10 efficiently neutralized VSV G-MPER vectors and bound to virus particles in solution, indicating that the epitopes were accessible in the preattachment form of the G-MPER chimeras. Overall, our results showed that the HIV Env MPER could functionally substitute for the VSV G-stem region implying that both perform similar functions even though they are from unrelated viruses. Furthermore, we found that the MPER sequence grafts induced low but detectable MPER-specific antibody responses in rabbits vaccinated with live VSV, although additional vector and immunogen modifications or use of a heterologous prime-boost vaccination regimen will be required to increase the magnitude of the immune response.

US$19.90

PMID: 24597516

DOI: 10.1089/AID.2013.0206


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