+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Twenty years of breast cancer in Iran: downstaging without a formal screening program

, : Twenty years of breast cancer in Iran: downstaging without a formal screening program. Annals of Oncology 22(1): 93-97

breast cancer (BC) is the most common malignancy among Iranian women. Although the relative incidence of BC is low, the cause-specific mortality is much higher than developed countries. The present study surveyed the overall trend of BC in Tehran. all breast pathologic records were studied in five major hospitals in Tehran during three phases (1: 1985-1995; 2: 1996-2000; and 3: 2001-2005). Malignant cases were classified according to the tumor-node-metastasis classification. Data were compared across the study. Of 9050 medical records from male and female patients with 'breast disease', 2946 females with BC were included. A significant increase in the diagnosis of palpable early BCs (stage II increased, stage III decreased) was observed between phases 1 and 2. A relative increases in stages 0 and I were noted between phases 3 and 2. Nevertheless, 76.8% of cases were T2 or higher and 65.3% had positive lymph nodes in the last phase. The proportion of patients with stage IIIb was increased in phase 3, despite the reduction in phase 2. despite the relative improvement in the status of BC patients, the vast majority are diagnosed in advanced stages. Specific screening measures should be implemented in Iran.


PMID: 20534622

DOI: 10.1093/annonc/mdq303

Other references

Araujo I.S.D., 1988: Inflammatory disease of the nervous system part iii. Folha Medica 97(1): 17-20

Brzuski P.; Szarek J.; Bulek I., 1986: Prediction of weight losses connected with transport of calves. Studies were conducted on a total of 222 calves including 118 of Red Polish and 104 of Red-and-White breed, purchased in August as extra-class (154) and Ist class (68) animals. Marketing operation started from the producer, through the purchase st...

Silva, A.Martins Da, 1992: Video monitoring and data transmission in epilepsy. Neurophysiologie Clinique 22(SUPPL 1): 156S

Osterkamp, W.R.; Friedman, J.M., 2000: The disparity between extreme rainfall events and rare floods - with emphasis on the semi-arid American West. Research beginning 40 years ago suggested that semiarid lands of the USA have higher unit discharges for a given recurrence interval than occur in other areas. Convincing documentation and arguments for this suspicion, however, were not presented....

Bakke, K.A., 1994: Privately employed nurses: occupational health nurses lose wage fight. Journalen Sykepleien 82(12): 18-19

Gol'dmakher, S.E., 1958: Migration of foreign bodies in the organism. Vestnik Rentgenologii i Radiologii 33(1): 82-84

Carifi, M., 2013: Adjuvant mitomycin C in functional endoscopic sinus surgery. European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 270(3): 1173-1174

Rasheed, A.; Murtaza, G.; Tsintsadze, N.L., 2010: Nonlinear structure of ion-acoustic waves in completely degenerate electron-positron and ion plasma. A rigorous theoretical investigation has been made of fully nonlinear ion-acoustic waves in nonrelativistic and ultrarelativistic, collisionless, unmagnetized plasma containing of degenerate electrons and positrons, and classical cold ions. In bot...

Nigmatov Z.N.; Sorokin V.M.; Yukel'son L.Y., 1972: Phospho di esterase of the venom of the central asian cobra. Khimiya Prirodnykh Soedinenii 8(5): 688

Rocco, M.B.; Sherman, H.; Cook, E.F.; Weisberg, M.; Flatley, M.; Goldman, L., 1987: Correlates of cardiac and sudden death after ambulatory monitoring in a community hospital. Importance of clinical characteristics, congestive heart failure and tachyarrhythmias. To analyze the prognostic importance of arrhythmias on routine 24-hour ambulatory monitoring, we prospectively followed 755 consecutive patients undergoing monitoring at a community hospital in the context of usual medical care. Of the 755 patient...