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Unexpected analyte oxidation during desorption electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry


, : Unexpected analyte oxidation during desorption electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry. Analytical Chemistry 80(4): 1208-1214

During the analysis of surface-spotted analytes using desorption electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (DESI-MS), abundant ions are sometimes observed that appear to be the result of oxygen addition reactions. In this investigation, the effect of sample aging, the ambient lab environment, spray voltage, analyte surface concentration, and surface type on this oxidative modification of spotted analytes, exemplified by tamoxifen and reserpine, during analysis by DESI-MS was studied. Simple exposure of the samples to air and to ambient lighting increased the extent of oxidation. Increased spray voltage also led to increased analyte oxidation, possibly as a result of oxidative species formed electrochemically at the emitter electrode or in the gas phase by discharge processes. These oxidative species are carried by the spray and impinge on and react with the sampled analyte during desorption/ionization. The relative abundance of oxidized species was more significant for the analysis of deposited analyte having a relatively low surface concentration. Increasing the spray solvent flow rate and the addition of hydroquinone as a redox buffer to the spray solvent were found to decrease, but not entirely eliminate, analyte oxidation during analysis. The major parameters that both minimize and maximize analyte oxidation were identified, and DESI-MS operational recommendations to avoid these unwanted reactions are suggested.

US$19.90

PMID: 18183963

DOI: 10.1021/ac701791w


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