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Uptake routes of tumor-antigen MAGE-A3 by dendritic cells determine priming of naïve T-cell subtypes

, : Uptake routes of tumor-antigen MAGE-A3 by dendritic cells determine priming of naïve T-cell subtypes. Cancer Immunology, ImmunoTherapy 61(11): 2079-2090

Induction of tumor-antigen-specific T cells in active cancer immunotherapy is generally difficult due to the very low anti-tumoral precursor cytotoxic T cells. By improving tumor-antigen uptake and presentation by dendritic cells (DCs), this problem can be overcome. Focusing on MAGE-A3 protein, frequently expressed in many types of tumors, we analyzed different DC-uptake routes after additional coating the recombinant MAGE-A3 protein with either a specific monoclonal antibody or an immune complex formulation. Opsonization of the protein with antibody resulted in increased DC-uptake compared to the uncoated rhMAGE-A3 protein. This was partly due to Fcγ receptor-dependent internalization. However, unspecific antigen internalization via macropinocytosis also played a role. When analyzing DC-uptake of MAGE-A3 antigen expressed in multiple myeloma cell line U266, pretreatment with proteasome inhibitor bortezomib resulted in increased apoptosis compared to γ-irradiation. Bortezomib-mediated immunogenic apoptosis, characterized by elevated surface expression of hsp90, triggered higher phagocytosis of U266 cells by DCs involving specific DC-derived receptors. We further investigated the impact of antigen delivery on T-cell priming. Induction of CD8(+) T-cell response was favored by stimulating naïve T cells with either antibody-opsonized MAGE-A3 protein or with the bortezomib-pretreated U266 cells, indicating that receptor-mediated uptake favors cross-presentation of antigens. In contrast, CD4(+) T cells were preferentially induced after stimulation with the uncoated protein or protein in the immune complex, both antigen formulations were preferentially internalized by DCs via macropinocytosis. In summary, receptor-mediated DC-uptake mechanisms favored the induction of CD8(+) T cells, relevant for clinical anti-tumor response.


PMID: 22562379

DOI: 10.1007/s00262-012-1272-y

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