+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Where is the human waist? Definitions, manual compared toscanner measurements

, : Where is the human waist? Definitions, manual compared toscanner measurements. Work 41 Suppl 1: 4018-4024

Where exactly is the human waist? How do definitions work for women who deviate from the conventional body shape? Does the measuring instrument matter? Waist is conventionally understood to be a measurable zone within the abdominal region of the torso, a zone of considerable importance. There needs to be a good consistent waist definition, one accurate and valid for everyone. Incorrect definition and measurement will result in technical errors, commercial wastage and customer dissatisfaction. This paper investigates the waist's location and size from the point of view of garment construction for 90 adult women scanned and manually measured in a breast reduction study at Flinders Medical Center, South Australia. There are differing definitions of the location of the human waist as well as different measuring instruments. This study compares:• Two definitions:• ISO 8559, 2.1.11 and • CAESAR, Waist Circumference Preferred.• Two different instruments:• the traditional tape measure, and • software-extracted computer-aided anthropometry (CAA). Substantial discrepancies between the results from these two locations-definitions were found. The choice of instrument used seriously affects the measurement obtained. This study demonstrates three things:• waist is not horizontal for a significant sub group of the population,• CAA extracted waist measurements are not accurate (same as real values) or valid (measures the characteristic) for a sub group, and • manually measured CAESAR Preferred Waist accurately and validly measured all individuals studied. There is a clear need to modify ISO waist definition for garment construction to include the full range of anatomical variation encountered amongst women.


PMID: 22317337

DOI: 10.3233/WOR-2012-0065-4018

Other references

Hanna, A.N.; Chan, E.Y.W.; Xu, J., 1999: A novel pathway for tumor necrosis factor-a and ceramide signaling involving sequential activation of tyrosine kinase, p21ras, and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(18): 722-9

Link, R., 1974: Brutnachbarschaft von Rabenkrahe und Waldohreule. Ornithologische Beob1(5-6): 319-320

Okuda A.; Kimura G., 1985: Colcemid induced conversion of diploidy to tetraploidy in rat 3y1 fibroblasts dependence on cell adhesion to substratum during prolonged mitosis. Cell Structure & Function 10(4): 479

Dailey, V.L.; Hameed, O., 2011: Blue nevus of the prostate. Blue nevus is one of the melanotic lesions that can incidentally arise in the prostate gland. A literature review identified 28 previously reported cases, and although rare, the blue nevus appeared to be the commonest melanocytic lesion arising in...

Volovsek, V., 1954: Making of prosthesis according to the lingual alveolar crest plastic technic. Osterreichische Zeitschrift für Stomatologie 51(10): 523-526

Kurskoi, A.M., 1960: On the distribution and ecology of Chiroptera in Belorussia. Vestnik Akademii Nauk Belorusskoi SSR Biol, 2: 80-87

Preece, T.F., 1959: A staining method for the study of apple scab infections. The periodic acid-Schiff staining method used in medical mycology was found effective on plant material, particularly for the early detection of apple scab lesions. It enables the development of lesions from germinating spores to be studied and ph...

Haque, R.; Mondal, D.; Kirkpatrick, B.D.; Akther, S.; Farr, B.M.; Sack, R.Bradley.; Petri, W.A., 2003: Epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of acute diarrhea with emphasis on Entamoeba histolytica infections in preschool children in an urban slum of Dhaka, Bangladesh. The epidemiology, clinical features, nutritional status and causative agents of diarrhoea were studied in 289 children (147 boys and 142 girls; aged 2-5 years) in Bangladesh, between January 1999 and July 2002. The use of improved diagnostic tests...

Lui, L.L.; Pasternak, T., 2012: Representation of comparison signals in cortical area MT during a delayed direction discrimination task. Visually guided behavior often involves decisions that are based on evaluating stimuli in the context of those observed previously. Such decisions are made by monkeys comparing two consecutive stimuli, sample and test, moving in the same or opposi...

Tenenbein, M., 1989: Theophylline toxicity due to drug interaction. Acute theophylline toxicity is usually due to overdose. However, it may also be brought about by interference of its metabolism secondary to the concurrent administration of other drugs. Erythromycin is important in this regard as illustrated in t...