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1,4-Bis-Dipp/Mes-1,2,4-Triazolylidenes: Carbene Catalysts That Efficiently Overcome Steric Hindrance in the Redox Esterification of α- and β-Substituted α,β-Enals


, : 1,4-Bis-Dipp/Mes-1,2,4-Triazolylidenes: Carbene Catalysts That Efficiently Overcome Steric Hindrance in the Redox Esterification of α- and β-Substituted α,β-Enals. Journal of the American Chemical Society 138(8): 2670-2677

As reported by Scheidt and Bode in 2005, sterically nonencumbered α,β-enals are readily converted to saturated esters in the presence of alcohols and N-heterocyclic carbene catalysts, e.g., benzimidazolylidenes or triazolylidenes. However, substituents at the α- or β-position of the α,β-enal substrate are typically not tolerated, thus severely limiting the substrate spectrum. On the basis of our earlier mechanistic studies, a set of N-Mes- or N-Dipp-substituted 1,2,4-triazolium salts were synthesized and evaluated as (pre)catalysts in the redox esterification of various α- or β-substituted enals. In particular the 1,4-bis-Mes/Dipp-1,2,4-triazolylidenes overcome the above limitations and efficiently catalyze the redox esterification of a whole series of α/β-substituted enals hitherto not amenable to NHC-catalyzed transformations. The synthetic value of 1,4-bis-Mes/Dipp-1,2,4-triazolylidenes is further demonstrated by the one-step bicyclization of 10-oxocitral to (racemic) nepetalactone in diastereomerically pure form.

US$19.90

PMID: 26797403

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.5b11796


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