+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

3D Printed Surgical Instruments Evaluated by a Simulated Crew of a Mars Mission

, : 3D Printed Surgical Instruments Evaluated by a Simulated Crew of a Mars Mission. Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance 87(9): 806-810

The first space-based fused deposition modeling (FDM) 3D printer became operational in 2014. This study evaluated whether Mars simulation crewmembers of the Hawai'i Space Exploration Analog and Simulation (HI-SEAS) II mission with no prior surgical experience could utilize acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) thermoplastic surgical instruments FDM 3D printed on Earth to complete simulated surgical tasks. This study sought to examine the feasibility of using 3D printed surgical tools when the primary crew medical officer is incapacitated and the back-up crew medical officer must conduct a surgical procedure during a simulated extended space mission. During a 4 mo duration ground-based analog mission, five simulation crewmembers with no prior surgical experience completed 16 timed sets of simulated prepping, draping, incising, and suturing tasks to evaluate the relative speed of using four ABS thermoplastic instruments printed on Earth compared to conventional instruments. All four simulated surgical tasks were successfully performed using 3D printed instruments by Mars simulation crewmembers with no prior surgical experience. There was no substantial difference in time to completion of simulated tasks with control vs. 3D printed sponge stick, towel clamp, scalpel handle, and toothed forceps. These limited findings support further investigation into the creation of an onboard digital catalog of validated 3D printable surgical instrument design files to support autonomous, crew-administered healthcare on Mars missions. Future work could include addressing sterility, biocompatibility, and having astronaut crew medical officers test a wider range of surgical instruments printed in microgravity during actual surgical procedures. Wong JY, Pfahnl AC. 3D printed surgical instruments evaluated by a simulated crew of a Mars mission. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2016; 87(9):806-810.


PMID: 27634701

DOI: 10.3357/AMHP.4281.2016

Other references

Song, S.Jeong.; Min, J.; Suh, S.Yun.; Jung, S.Hoi.; Hahn, H.Joo.; Im, S-Ah.; Lee, J-Yeun., 2017: Incidence of taxane-induced peripheral neuropathy receiving treatment and prescription patterns in patients with breast cancer. Taxane-induced peripheral neuropathy (TIPN) can affect quality of life and treatment outcomes in breast cancer patients. Despite the high incidence, treatment of PN has not been established. This study aimed to evaluate the incidence, risk factors...

Kunichan, A.D.; Mozhokina, G.N.; Sokolova, G.B.; Shapatava, M.N., 1997: Bactericidal effects of maxaquine on Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Maxaquine is a fluoroqtiinolone agent that is effective against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MBT). The drug was tested for effects on MBT growth in the infected lung tissue in relation to its concentration and exposure time. The bactericidal effect...

Pogodin, M.S., 1963: Recognition of a new breed of rabbit.. In Sep. 1963 the Ministry of Agriculture of the U. S. S. R. officially recognised the Soviet Chinchilla breed of rabbit. It was developed at the Research Institute for Breeding Fur Bearers and Rabbits. It has a strong constitution, is early maturi...

Sonnack, M.; Leiser, R.; Meyer, W.; Hoffmann, B., 2003: Morphological changes in the regressing canine corpus luteum and the occurrence of apoptotic events. Reproduction in Domestic Animals 38(4): 354-355, August

Preda, S.; Govoni, S.; Lanni, C.; Racchi, M.; Mura, E.; Grilli, M.; Marchi, M., 2008: Acute beta-amyloid administration disrupts the cholinergic control of dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens. The clinical presentation of Alzheimer's disease is characterized by memory deficits but it also involves the impairment of several cognitive functions. Some of these cognitive and executive functions are mediated by limbic areas and are reg...

Freifeld, Karen, 1983: Body management. Nutrition and fitness software is being developed in response to Americans' concern about health and diet. The computer can respond more accurately and quickly to individual requirements whether to gain fitness or lose weight or both. Ninetee...

Pickard, M.A.; Roman, R.; Tinoco, R.; Vazquez-Duhalt, R., 1999: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon metabolism by white rot fungi and oxidation by Coriolopsis gallica UAMH 8260 laccase. We studied the metabolism of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) by using white rot fungi previously identified as organisms that metabolize polychlorinated biphenyls. Bran flakes medium, which has been shown to support production of high leve...

Nicholl D.S.T., 1991: Modelling the flow of genetic information. Journal of Biological Education 25(3): 161-163

Lauckner G.R., 1984: Evaluation of compressed air dives with oxygen decompression using doppler ultrasonic monitoring. Undersea Biomedical Researchppl. 1: 10

English, O.S., 1968: Contributions to the development of a psychotherapist. American Journal of PsychoTherapy 22(3): 431-442