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A cohort study of tibialis anterior tendon shortening in combination with calf muscle lengthening in spastic equinus in cerebral palsy

, : A cohort study of tibialis anterior tendon shortening in combination with calf muscle lengthening in spastic equinus in cerebral palsy. Gait & Posture 50(): 23-27

NlmCategory="UNASSIGNED">The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of combined tibialis anterior tendon shortening (TATS) and calf muscle-tendon lengthening (CMTL) in spastic equinus. Prospectively collected data was analysed in 26 patients with hemiplegic (n=13) and diplegic (n=13) cerebral palsy (CP) (GMFCS level I or II, 14 males, 12 females, age range 10-35 years; mean 16.8 years). All patients had pre-operative 3D gait analysis and a further analysis at a mean of 17.1 months (±5.6months) after surgery. None was lost to follow-up. Twenty-eight combined TATS and CMTL were undertaken and 19 patients had additional synchronous multilevel surgery. At follow-up 79% of patients had improved foot positioning at initial contact, whilst 68% reported improved fitting or reduced requirement of orthotic support. Statistically significant improvements were seen in the Movement Analysis Profile for ankle dorsi-/plantarflexion (4.15°, p=0.032), maximum ankle dorsiflexion during swing phase (11.68°, p<0.001), and Edinburgh Visual Gait Score (EVGS) (4.85, p=0.014). Diplegic patients had a greater improvement in the EVGS than hemiplegics (6.27 -vs- 2.21, p=0.024). The originators of combined TATS and CMTL showed that it improved foot positioning during gait. The present study has independently confirmed favourable outcomes in a similar patient population and added additional outcome measures, the EVGS, foot positioning at initial contact, and maximum ankle dorsiflexion during swing phase. Study limitations include short term follow-up in a heterogeneous population and that 19 patients had additional surgery. TATS combined with CMTL is a recommended option for spastic equinus in ambulatory patients with CP.


PMID: 27559938

DOI: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2016.08.015

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