+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

A review of the ecosystem functions in oil palm plantations, using forests as a reference system

, : A review of the ecosystem functions in oil palm plantations, using forests as a reference system. Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society (): -

NlmCategory="UNASSIGNED">Oil palm plantations have expanded rapidly in recent decades. This large-scale land-use change has had great ecological, economic, and social impacts on both the areas converted to oil palm and their surroundings. However, research on the impacts of oil palm cultivation is scattered and patchy, and no clear overview exists. We address this gap through a systematic and comprehensive literature review of all ecosystem functions in oil palm plantations, including several (genetic, medicinal and ornamental resources, information functions) not included in previous systematic reviews. We compare ecosystem functions in oil palm plantations to those in forests, as the conversion of forest to oil palm is prevalent in the tropics. We find that oil palm plantations generally have reduced ecosystem functioning compared to forests: 11 out of 14 ecosystem functions show a net decrease in level of function. Some functions show decreases with potentially irreversible global impacts (e.g. reductions in gas and climate regulation, habitat and nursery functions, genetic resources, medicinal resources, and information functions). The most serious impacts occur when forest is cleared to establish new plantations, and immediately afterwards, especially on peat soils. To variable degrees, specific plantation management measures can prevent or reduce losses of some ecosystem functions (e.g. avoid illegal land clearing via fire, avoid draining of peat, use of integrated pest management, use of cover crops, mulch, and compost) and we highlight synergistic mitigation measures that can improve multiple ecosystem functions simultaneously. The only ecosystem function which increases in oil palm plantations is, unsurprisingly, the production of marketable goods. Our review highlights numerous research gaps. In particular, there are significant gaps with respect to socio-cultural information functions. Further, there is a need for more empirical data on the importance of spatial and temporal scales, such as differences among plantations in different environments, of different sizes, and of different ages, as our review has identified examples where ecosystem functions vary spatially and temporally. Finally, more research is needed on developing management practices that can offset the losses of ecosystem functions. Our findings should stimulate research to address the identified gaps, and provide a foundation for more systematic research and discussion on ways to minimize the negative impacts and maximize the positive impacts of oil palm cultivation.


PMID: 27511961

DOI: 10.1111/brv.12295

Other references

Chen, T-Hsing.; Lin, S-You., 2016: Mechanical response and microstructural evolution of Ti-13Zr-13Nb biomedical alloy under high strain rate load. This study uses a split-Hopkinson bar to investigate the mechanical response and microstructural evolution of Ti-13Zr-13Nb biomedical alloy under dynamic loading. Dynamic compression tests are performed at room temperature (25°C) and 500°C under...

Anonymous, 1969: Method for making cheese. Milk is concentrated under vacuum and below the heat-denaturing temp, to 66-25% of its vol. and diluted again and then coagulated in the usual manner. A homogeneous coagulum is obtained. Coagulation is accelerated, if carried out immediately, i.e....

Ascenzi E.M.A., 1974: Report of anaerogenic salmonella enteritidis pullorum in chickens in the vicinity of manaus amazonas brazil. Acta Amazonica: 43-48

Kapdagli, H.; Ozturk, G.; Dereli, T.; Inci, R.; Hilioglu, Z.; Kazandi, A.C.n; Erboz, S., 1997: Candida folliculitis mimicking tinea barbae. A 55-year-old man, a farmer, was referred to our dermatology department in June 1993 with inflammatory and infiltrated nodular lesions on his left cheek and neck. These nodular lesions had appeared about a month previously and had enlarged quickly...

Lederer, E.D.; Klein, J.B., 2012: New treatments for CKD--new insights into pathogenesis. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 23(10): 1601-1603

Hayoz, J.; Koitzsch, C.; Bovet, M.; Naumović, D.; Schlapbach, L.; Aebi, P., 2003: Electronic structure of the YH3 phase from angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. Yttrium can be loaded with hydrogen up to high concentrations causing dramatic structural and electronic changes of the host lattice. We report on angle-resolved photoemission experiments of the Y trihydride phase. Most importantly, we find the ab...

Madonna, M., 1988: Uso del modello binomiale negativo nello studio delle distribuzioni di populazioni parassitarie. Parassitologia (Rome): 30(Suppl. 1: 113-114

Ho, T.C.K., 2006: Acanthamoeba keratitis. Ophthalmology 113(12): 2377; Author Reply 2377-2377; Author Reply 2377

Liubchenko, P.N.; Dmiruk, L.I.; Fonin, O.P.; Nikolaeva, V.V.; Saratseva, V.M., 2008: On efficiency of local xidiphone in treating osteoporotic changes in hands of vibration disease patients. The authors demonstrated that local electrophoresis of xidiphone for osteoporotic changes in hands of vibration disease patients results in preservation of bone mineral density. Treatment courses should occur 2-3-4 times annually.

Oberfield S.E., 1984: The adrenal cortex in childhood hypertension. New, Md L. S. Levine (ed.). Pediatric And Adolescent Endocrinology, Vol. 13. Adrenal Diseases In Childhood. Viii 235p. S. Karger: Basel, Switzerland; New York, N.y., Usa. Illus. 210-230