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Axial PEGylation of Tin Octabutoxy Naphthalocyanine Extends Blood Circulation for Photoacoustic Vascular Imaging


, : Axial PEGylation of Tin Octabutoxy Naphthalocyanine Extends Blood Circulation for Photoacoustic Vascular Imaging. Bioconjugate Chemistry 27(7): 1574-1578

Attachment of polyethylene glycol (PEG) can prolong blood circulation of biological molecules, a useful trait for a vascular imaging agent. Here, we present a route for modifying octabutoxy naphthalocyanine (ONc) with PEG, via axial conjugation following ONc chelation with Sn(IV) chloride (Sn-ONc). Tin chelation caused ONc absorbance to shift from 860 to 930 nm. Hydroxy terminated PEG was treated with sodium and then was axially attached to the tin, generating PEG-Sn-ONc. Unlike ONc or Sn-ONc, PEG-Sn-ONc was soluble in methanol. ONc and PEG-Sn-ONc were dissolved in polysorbate solutions and administered to mice intravenously. PEG-Sn-ONc demonstrated substantially longer blood circulation time than ONc, with a 4 times longer half-life and a nearly 10 times greater area under the curve. PEG-Sn-ONc gave rise to photoacoustic contrast and could be used for noninvasive brain vessel imaging even 24 h following injection. This work demonstrates that nonmetallic naphthalocyanines can be chelated with tin, and be axially modified with PEG for enhanced circulation times for long-term vascular imaging with photoacoustic tomography.

US$19.90

PMID: 27259401

DOI: 10.1021/acs.bioconjchem.6b00280


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