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Biodegradable packaging materials conception based on starch and polylactic acid (PLA) reinforced with cellulose

, : Biodegradable packaging materials conception based on starch and polylactic acid (PLA) reinforced with cellulose. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International 23(20): 20904-20914

NlmCategory="UNASSIGNED">The plastic materials used for packaging are increasing leading to a considerable amount of undegradable solid wastes. This work deals with the reduction of conventional plastics waste and the natural resources preservation by using cellulosic polymers from renewable resources (alfa and luffa). Plasticized starch films syntheses were achieved at a laboratory scale. These natural films showed some very attractive mechanical properties at relatively low plasticizers levels (12 to 17 % by weight). Furthermore, mixtures including polylactic acid polymer (PLA) and cellulose fibers extracted from alfa and luffa were investigated by melt extrusion technique. When used at a rate of 10 %, these fibers improved the mixture mechanical properties. Both developed materials were biodegradable, but the plasticized starch exhibited a faster biodegradation kinetic compared to the PLA/cellulose fibers. These new materials would contribute to a sustainable development and a waste reduction.


PMID: 27488705

DOI: 10.1007/s11356-016-7276-y

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