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Cardioprotective Effect of Anisodamine Against Myocardial Ischemia Injury and its Influence on Cardiomyocytes Apoptosis

, : Cardioprotective Effect of Anisodamine Against Myocardial Ischemia Injury and its Influence on Cardiomyocytes Apoptosis. Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics 73(3): 707-716

Anisodamine is an ancient Chinese medicine derived from Tibet as a belladonna alkaloid, which is usually used for improvement of blood circulation in patients with organ phosphorus poisoning or shock. In this study, for the first time, we report its cardioprotective effects on preventing ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and decreasing the myocardial infarction area and severity in heart of Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. Our results suggest a potential molecular mechanism of anisodamine against the I/R injury in cardiomyocytes is associated with its anti-apoptotic effect. Anisodamine treatment decreases the expression of caspase-3 and caspase-8, and increases Bcl-2/Bax ratio in cardiomyocytes. Our data suggest that anisodamine can provide significant cardioprotection against I/R injury, potentially through the suppression of cardiomyocytes apoptosis.


PMID: 27259314

DOI: 10.1007/s12013-015-0642-4

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