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Chronic exposure to cerebrospinal fluid of multiple system atrophy in neuroblastoma and glioblastoma cells induces cytotoxicity via ER stress and autophagy activation

, : Chronic exposure to cerebrospinal fluid of multiple system atrophy in neuroblastoma and glioblastoma cells induces cytotoxicity via ER stress and autophagy activation. Oncotarget 6(15): 13278-13294

Oncogenesis and neurodegeneration share many common pathogenic pathways, involved in endoplastic reticulum (ER) stress, autophagy, DNA repair, and oxidative stress. However, mechanisms of cross-talking between oncogenesis and neurodegeneration are still unknown. Characterized by abnormal accumulation of α-synuclein (α-syn) aggregates in central nervous system (CNS), multiple system atrophy (MSA) is classified as α-synucleinopathy. Rapidly emerging evidence suggests that 'prion-like propagation' of α-syn aggregates in the regional spread of CNS leads to the progression of α-synucleinopathy. Whether cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has deteriorating effects on neurogenic tumor cells and is involved in progression of α-synucleinopathy has not been explored. Here, we first show the cytotoxic effects of MSA-CSF on the neuroblastoma and glioblastoma cells and its underlying mechanism in vitro. Remarkably, MSA-CSF induced cytotoxicity via activating ER stress-associated apoptosis and autophagy in both SH-SY5Y and U251 cells. The result from in vivo systematic neuropathological analysis reveals that abnormally activated ER stress and autophagy were confined to substantia nigra and cerebellum in mouse CNS following MSA-CSF treatment. Specifically, dopamine neurons in substantia nigra and Purkinje cells in cerebellum cortex were degenerated in MSA-CSF-injected mice. Altogether, these findings demonstrate that MSA-CSF exerts cytotoxicities on nervous system neoplasms and accelerates the progression of synucleinopathies.


PMID: 25965819

DOI: 10.18632/oncotarget.3748

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