+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Clinical ketosis and standing behavior in transition cows

, : Clinical ketosis and standing behavior in transition cows. Journal of Dairy Science 98(1): 128-134

Ketosis is a common disease in dairy cattle, especially in the days after calving, and it is often undiagnosed. The objective of this study was to compare the standing behavior of dairy cows with and without ketosis during the days around calving to determine if changes in this behavior could be useful in the early identification of sick cows. Serum β-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA) was measured in 184 cows on a commercial dairy farm twice weekly from 2 to 21d after calving. Standing behavior was measured from 7d before calving to 21d after calving using data loggers. Retrospectively, 15 cows with clinical ketosis (3 consecutive BHBA samples >1.2mmol/L and at least one sample of BHBA >2.9mmol/L) were matched with 15 nonketotic cows (BHBA <1.2mmol/L). Five periods were defined for the statistical analyses: wk -1 (d -7 to -1), d 0 (day of calving), wk +1 (d 1 to 7), wk +2 (d 8 to 14), and wk +3 (d 15 to 21). The first signs of clinical ketosis occurred 4.5±2.1d after calving. Total daily standing time was longer for clinically ketotic cows compared with nonketotic cows during wk -1 (14.3±0.6 vs. 12.0±0.7h/d) and on d 0 (17.2±0.9 vs. 12.7±0.9h/d) but did not differ during the other periods. Clinically ketotic cows exhibited fewer standing bouts compared with nonketotic cows on d 0 only (14.6±1.9 vs. 20.9±1.8bouts/d). Average standing bout duration was also longer for clinically ketotic cows on d 0 compared with nonketotic cows [71.3min/bout (CI: 59.3 to 85.5) vs. 35.8min/bout (CI: 29.8 to 42.9)] but was not different during the other periods. Differences in standing behavior in the week before and on the day of calving may be useful for the early detection of clinical ketosis in dairy cows.


PMID: 25465623

DOI: 10.3168/jds.2014-7932

Other references

Islam, N.; Hasan, M.; Ali, S.M., 1977: Primary carcinoma of liver. Medical Journal of Malaysia 31(4): 322-325

Imai, T.; Katoh, S.; Hasegawa, A.; Ohshima, H.; Fujita, T., 1983: Sympathetic overactivity in a patient with tetanus. Masui. Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology 32(9): 1127-1131

Garcia D.L.T.rre, J.P.; Sotelo Rodriguez, M.T.; Santos Briz, A.; Rodriguez Peralto, J.L., 2000: Mesenchymal hamartoma of the liver in Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome: The first reported case. The Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome is a rare condition characterized by macrosomia, macroglossia, omphalocele, and visceromegaly. Although the development of neoplasia is frequent, the English literature has never described an association with mesenc...

Deshmukh, S.P., 2013: MRI of the bowel: the future of gastrointestinal imaging?. Academic Radiology 19(11): 1307-1308

Costache, E.; Nguyen, C.H.; Guilbaud, N.; Léonce, S.; Pierré, A.; Atassi, G.; Bisagni, E., 1998: Synthesis, properties and biological evaluation of substituted furo[3,2-e] and pyrano[3,2-e]pyrido[4,3-b]indoles. Furo[3,2-e]- and pyrano[3,2-e]pyrido[4,3-b] indoles were synthesized from 1,4,5-trisubstituted 8-hydroxy-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indoles. The intermediates, 10-chloro-6H-furo[3,2-e]pyrido[4,3-b]indole (11), 10-chloro-2,6-dihydro-1H-furo[3,2-e]pyrido-[4,3-...

Harvey, J.; Hux, K.; Scott, N.; Snell, J., 2014: Text-to-speech technology effects on reading rate and comprehension by adults with traumatic brain injury. This study's purpose was to examine the comprehension, rate and perceptions and reading preferences of adults with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) when reading passages with and without computerized text-to-speech (TTS) support. Nine adul...

Haeffner, Alexandre, 1963: A hemodynamic and histological study of the syndromes of incipient Bantls disease. A study of 6 cases of Banti's disease in the incipient stage: by means of splenoporto and ileoporto-graphy, Cr51 and Au198, taking of pressure on the splenoportal axis and in the suprahepatic veins before, during and after the operation, and...

Kell, C., 2014: Placement education pedagogy as social participation: what are students really learning?. This paper draws on empirical fieldwork data of naturally occurring UK physiotherapy placement education to make visible how education is actually carried out and suggest what students may be learning through their placement interactions. The data...

Coronas, Rón.; García-Parés, G.; Viladrich, C.; Santos, J.Manel.; Menchón, J.Manel., 2007: Clinical and sociodemographic variables associated with the onset of posttraumatic stress disorder in road traffic accidents. Our objective was to identify variables related to the onset of acute posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after a road traffic accident. We evaluated 60 victims of a motor vehicle accident (MVA) in 2004 at 2 months postaccident. Thirty of them ha...

Kotilainen, T.; Katila, T., 1991: Ovariectomised mares as embryo transfer recipients. Six ovariectomised mares with grade II or grade III endometrium were used as embryo recipients. The recipients were given 27.5-55 mg allyl trenbolone daily, starting 1 day after ovulation of the donor mare. Nine non-surgical embryo recovery attemp...