geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Constructing and Deconstructing Concepts


, : Constructing and Deconstructing Concepts. Experimental Psychology 63(5): 249-262

NlmCategory="UNASSIGNED">Several empirical investigations have explored whether observers prefer to sort sets of multidimensional stimuli into groups by employing one-dimensional or family-resemblance strategies. Although one-dimensional sorting strategies have been the prevalent finding for these unsupervised classification paradigms, several researchers have provided evidence that the choice of strategy may depend on the particular demands of the task. To account for this disparity, we propose that observers extract relational patterns from stimulus sets that facilitate the development of optimal classification strategies for relegating category membership. We conducted a novel constrained categorization experiment to empirically test this hypothesis by instructing participants to either add or remove objects from presented categorical stimuli. We employed generalized representational information theory (GRIT; Vigo, 2011b , 2013a , 2014 ) and its associated formal models to predict and explain how human beings chose to modify these categorical stimuli. Additionally, we compared model performance to predictions made by a leading prototypicality measure in the literature.

US$19.90

PMID: 27832734

DOI: 10.1027/1618-3169/a000337


Other references

Gillet, D., 2017: An educational tool for patients with chronic pain. Therapeutic education is an essential element of the care pathway in the case of chronic pain. It enables patients to acquire skills and to mobilise their resources to help them cope better with this pain. Nursing teams have a tool at their dispos...

Savarino, E.; Zentilin, P.; Frazzoni, M.; Cuoco, D.L.; Pohl, D.; Dulbecco, P.; Marabotto, E.; Sammito, G.; Gemignani, L.; Tutuian, R.; Savarino, V., 2011: Characteristics of gastro-esophageal reflux episodes in Barrett's esophagus, erosive esophagitis and healthy volunteers. Gastro-esophageal reflux is considered a major culprit in the pathogenesis of Barrett's esophagus (BE). Still, there is controversy on the role of weakly acidic and weakly alkaline reflux in BE. To compare characteristics of reflux episodes p...

Field G.B.; Milne J., 1975: Occupational asthma in aluminum smelters. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Medicine 5(5): 475

Shuhui, G.; Jiagang, L.; Haifeng, C.; Hao, Z.Bo.; Qing, H.Si., 2016: Surgical Management of Adult Reducible Atlantoaxial Dislocation, Basilar Invagination and Chiari Malformation with Syringomyelia. To analyze retrospectively the surgical management of reducible atlantoaxial dislocation (AAD), basilar invagination (BI) and Chiari malformation (CHM) with syringomyelia through a single-stage posterior approach. Forty-three patients with reducib...

Pernice, Ja, 1973: The food retail trade on the threshold of new developments. Ernahrungswirtschaft 8 157-A161

Colloff M.J., 1990: A simple secure trap for detecting infestations of adult ptinus tectus boieldieu coleoptera ptinidae in commercial premises. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 126(1508-1511): 57-58

Heppell, J.; Kelly, K.A.; Sarr, M.G., 1983: Neural control of canine small intestinal interdigestive myoelectric complexes. Our aim was to determine the role of the extrinsic and intrinsic nerves in the regulation of the small intestinal interdigestive myoelectric complex (IMC). In five dogs, the extrinsic nerves of the jejunoileum were divided, but the bowel was left...

Choi, W.; Kim, J.Chan.; Kim, W.Soo.; Oh, H.Jin.; Yang, J.Myung.; Lee, J.Bum.; Yoon, K.Chul., 2016: Clinical Effect of Antioxidant Glasses Containing Extracts of Medicinal Plants in Patients with Dry Eye Disease: A Multi-Center, Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial. To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of wearable antioxidant glasses containing extracts of medicinal plants in patients with mild dry eye disease (DED). Fifty patients with mild DED were randomly assigned to wear either extracts of ant...

Sevinga, M.H.sselink, J.; Barkema, H., 2002: Reproductive performance of Friesian mares after retained placenta and manual removal of the placenta. Because the incidence of retained placenta in Friesian mares is estimated to be high, and no reports have been published on the reproductive performance of Friesian mares after retained placenta, we studied postpartum reproductive performance in F...

Kindermann, M.; Schwaab, B.; Berg, M.; Fröhlig, G., 2001: The influence of right atrial septal pacing on the interatrial contraction sequence. Right atrial septal pacing yields shorter interatrial conduction delays than conventional right atrial pacing at the free wall or the right atrial appendage. However, the hemodynamic effects of right atrial septal pacing are less well known. This...