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Delayed-Onset Bilateral Diffuse Uveal Melanocytic Proliferation Associated With Gastric Adenocarcinoma

, : Delayed-Onset Bilateral Diffuse Uveal Melanocytic Proliferation Associated With Gastric Adenocarcinoma. Retinal Cases & Brief Reports (): -

To report an unusual case of delayed-onset bilateral diffuse uveal melanocytic proliferation in a patient with a remote history of gastric adenocarcinoma 17 years earlier. Case report of a patient with bilateral diffuse uveal melanocytic proliferation including comprehensive systemic and ocular examinations. A 78-year-old man presented with a history of progressive bilateral vision loss during the 4 previous years associated with fever of unknown origin. He underwent total gastrectomy 17 years earlier as a treatment for gastric adenocarcinoma. Funduscopic examination revealed multiple subretinal pigmented and nonpigmented lesions involving the posterior pole of both eyes. These lesions showed early hyperfluorescence on fluorescein angiography, producing a giraffe pattern. Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography showed intraretinal and subretinal fluid with multiple hyperreflective mounds involving the retinal pigment epithelium. Treatment with the intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor agent, ranibizumab, produced anatomical improvement in both eyes but visual improvement in just the right eye. Although delayed-onset bilateral diffuse uveal melanocytic proliferation may occur, it is important to rule out a second malignancy. To the knowledge of the authors, this is the first report of delayed-onset bilateral diffuse uveal melanocytic proliferation associated with gastric adenocarcinoma. Treatment with intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy warrants further evaluation.


PMID: 27662408

DOI: 10.1097/ICB.0000000000000429

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