geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Development of a method for measuring water absorbency or release of food during mastication


, : Development of a method for measuring water absorbency or release of food during mastication. Springerplus 4: 464-464

Water release or absorption of food is related to ease of swallowing for individuals with difficulties in mastication or swallowing. The aim of this study was to establish methods to mechanically measure and predict water releasing or absorptive tendency during mastication. There were ten ingredients used. Six, Japanese radish, carrot, potato, salmon, chicken, and scallops were typically heated. The remaining four, apple, bread, cookies and kamaboko were used as is. Eight grams of water was added to 8 g of the ingredient, which was blended for 1 s in a mixer. After blending, the mixture was centrifuged or compressed using a texture analyzer machine. Ingredients were weighed before and after processing without water, and the percent increase in weight was calculated using the weight of the ingredients. Results demonstrated that three ingredients (Japanese radish, carrot, apple), which have strong tendencies for releasing, showed lower percent increases in weight, while two ingredients (cookies, bread), which have strong tendencies for water absorption, showed higher percent weight increases. The other five ingredients (potato, kamaboko, salmon, chicken, and scallops), which have no water releasing or absorption tendencies, showed mid-value percent increases in weight. The tendencies using all treatment methods were the same as during mastication. The percent increase in weight using two processing methods strongly correlated with increased rates of mastication, and demonstrated uncertainty equal to that of mastication. These methods may be helpful in establishing an index for ease of swallowing for classified diets in patients with dysphagia.

US$19.90

PMID: 26339565

DOI: 10.1186/s40064-015-1249-3


Other references

Olsen, Jorn, 1994: Measurement techniques Questionnaire, telephone interview, clinical interview Validation and reliability. Alcoholism Clinical & Experimental Research 18(5): 1109-1113

Primavesi, R., 2012: Sticks and stones and broken bones: distal radius fractures in children. Canadian Family Physician Medecin de Famille Canadien 57(1): 45-46

Mierlita, D.; Georgescu, B.; Odagiu, A.; Chereji, I., 2005: Research concerning influence of feeding on content and traits of cow milk fat. The effects of rations based on silage fodder or silage fodder+hay during winter and green fodder or green fodder+hay during summer on milk fat percentage, saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids and physicochemical characterist...

Steele, R.H.; Cusachs, L.C., 1967: Energy terms of oxygen and riboflavin--a biological quantum ladder?. Nature 213(5078): 800-801

Brant-Zawadzki, M.; Bartkowski, H.M.; Ortendahl, D.A.; Pitts, L.H.; Hylton, N.M.; Nishimura, M.C.; Crooks, L.E., 1984: NMR in experimental cerebral edema: value of T1 and T2 calculations. In an experimental investigation, the efficacy of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) relaxation times in measuring brain water was studied. Cerebral edema was induced in four dogs with a freeze lesion, which was produced by contact with a steel cyli...

Araki, T.; Noritake, S.; Ikoma, Y.; Sageshima, T.; Nakamura, K., 1979: Clinical study on the effect of haptoglobin on the hemolysis during extracorporeal circulation. Kyobu Geka. Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery 32(9): 663-669

O'Brien, M.Sean.; Singh, N., 2016: Surgical Technique Utilizing Suture-Button Device for Central Metacarpal Ray Resection. Certain technical demands must be overcome in order to accomplish the goals of creating a functional hand when performing a central digital ray resection of the hand. One of the biggest challenges is maintaining metacarpal gap closure and in such...

Pan, M-Hui.; Du, J.; Zhang, J-Ye.; Huang, M-Hua.; Li, T.; Cui, H-Juan.; Lu, C., 2011: Cloning of the flap endonuclease-1 gene in Bombyx mori and identification of an antiapoptotic function. The flap endonuclease-1 (FEN-1) gene is involved in DNA replication and repair, and it maintains genomic stability as well as the accuracy of DNA replication under normal growth conditions. However, FEN-1 also plays an important role in apoptosis...

Tsilomelekis, G.; Josephson, T.R.; Nikolakis, V.; Caratzoulas, S., 2014: Origin of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural stability in water/dimethyl sulfoxide mixtures. In the present work, we combined vibrational spectroscopy with electronic structure calculations to understand the solvation of HMF in DMSO, water, and DMSO/water mixtures and to provide insights into the observed hindrance of HMF rehydration and...

Kimura, Y., 1995: New developments in studies of substances which are biologically active in plants - from the discovery of biologically active natural substances to the search for new gametocides. This review covers a wide range of substances active on higher plants most of which are derived from fungi. Among the most important effects covered are those of IAA and 2-pyruvoylaminobenzamide on oat coleoptiles, of GA on rice leaf sheaths and o...