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Direct detection of a triplet vinylnitrene, 1,4-naphthoquinone-2-ylnitrene, in solution and cryogenic matrices

, : Direct detection of a triplet vinylnitrene, 1,4-naphthoquinone-2-ylnitrene, in solution and cryogenic matrices. Journal of the American Chemical Society 137(12): 4207-4214

The photolysis of 2-azido-1,4-naphthoquinone (1) in argon matrices at 8 K results in the corresponding triplet vinylnitrene (3)2, which was detected directly by IR spectroscopy. Vinylnitrene (3)2 is stable in argon matrices but forms 2-cyanoindane-1,3-dione (3) upon further irradiation. Similarly, the irradiation of azide 1 in 2-methyltetrahydrofuran (MTHF) matrices at 5 K resulted in the ESR spectrum of vinylnitrene (3)2, which is stable up to at least 100 K. The zero-field splitting parameters for nitrene (3)2, D/hc = 0.7292 cm(-1) and E/hc = 0.0048 cm(-1), verify that it has significant 1,3-biradical character. Vinylnitrene (3)2 (λmax ∼ 460 nm, τ = 22 μs) is also observed directly in solution at ambient temperature with laser flash photolysis of 1. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations support the characterization of vinylnitrene (3)2 and the proposed mechanism for its formation. Because vinylnitrene (3)2 is relatively stable, it has potential use as a building-block for high-spin assemblies.


PMID: 25760227

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.5b00998

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