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Disrupted trabecular bone micro-architecture in middle-aged male HIV-infected treated patients

, : Disrupted trabecular bone micro-architecture in middle-aged male HIV-infected treated patients. HIV Medicine 17(7): 550-556

HIV-infected individuals are at increased risk of incident fractures. Evaluation of trabecular bone micro-architecture is an important tool to assess bone strength, but its use has not yet been reported in middle-aged HIV-infected male individuals. The aim of the study was to compare bone micro-architecture between HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected men. In this cross-sectional study, 53 HIV-infected male individuals with a mean (± standard deviation) age of 49 ± 9 years who had been receiving antiretroviral therapy including tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (DF) for at least 60 months were compared with 50 HIV-uninfected male controls, matched for age and ethnic origin. We studied the volumetric bone density and micro-architecture of the radius and tibia using high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-p QCT). Volumetric trabecular bone density was 17% lower in the tibia (P < 10(-4) ) and 16% lower in the radius (P < 10(-3) ) in HIV-infected patients compared with controls. By contrast, the cortical bone density was normal at both sites. The tibial trabecular micro-architecture differed markedly between patients and controls: bone volume/total volume (BV/TV) and trabecular number were each 13% lower (P < 10(-4) for both). Trabecular separation and inhomogeneity of the network were 18% and 24% higher in HIV-infected patients than in controls, respectively. The radial BV/TV and trabecular thickness were each 13% lower (P < 10(-3) and 10(-2) , respectively). Cortical thickness was not different between the two groups. The findings of lower volumetric trabecular bone density and disrupted trabecular micro-architectural parameters in middle-aged male HIV-infected treated patients help to explain bone frailty in these patients.


PMID: 27186847

DOI: 10.1111/hiv.12380

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