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Economic evaluation of DVd versus VAd in the treatment of multiple myeloma: Results from a phase III multicenter randomized clinical trial

, : Economic evaluation of DVd versus VAd in the treatment of multiple myeloma: Results from a phase III multicenter randomized clinical trial. Journal of Clinical Oncology 24(18_suppl): 6050-6050

NlmCategory="UNASSIGNED">6050 Background: A randomized Phase III clinical trial of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin, vincristine, and reduced-dose dexamethasone (DVd) versus conventional doxorubicin, vincristine, and reduced-dose dexamethasone (VAd) found similar efficacy in the treatment of newly-diagnosed multiple myeloma (Cancer, in press). However, observed clinical advantages of DVd included less toxicity and supportive care. (Cancer In press). This economic evaluation was conducted as a piggyback to the clinical trial. Utilization data were collected prospectively for enrolled patients (DVd = 97; VAd = 95). Costs were estimated by applying standard US unit costs in 2004 to observed utilization. We compared resource utilization and costs for study drug administration, other care (hospitalizations due to AEs, tests, transfusions, and concomitant medications), and total costs during follow-up for patients receiving DVd versus VAd using 2-sided t-tests. DVd patients required significantly fewer hospital (1.5 vs 8.5; p < 0.01) and clinic days (4.8 vs 14.4; p < 0.01) for study drug administration. Costs of study drug were significantly higher for DVd patients ($16,181 vs $788; p < 0.01), but lower hospitalization costs ($3,311 vs $18,492; p < 0.01) and clinic costs ($797 vs $2,412; p < 0.01) for drug administration more than offset these costs, resulting in nominally lower overall study drug administration costs for DVd versus VAd ($20,289 vs $21,692; p = 0.64). No other component of care differed significantly between the two groups (costs of other care: $14,152 for DVd vs $14,154 for VAd; p = 0.99) and overall treatment costs ($34,442 for DVd vs $35,846 for VAd; p = 0.76) were similar in the two groups. DVd patients had approximately 10 additional days of follow-up over the trial period (149.4 vs 139.2) versus VAd patients. Despite higher drug acquisition costs, use of DVd did not increase the overall cost of treatment compared to VAd. [Table: see text].


PMID: 27954835

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